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Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy

Duke of savoy
The basics
Date of birth Turin, Province of Turin, Piedmont, Italy
Date of death Oct 07, 1637 Vercelli, Province of Vercelli, Piedmont, Italy
Mother: Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain
Brother(s): Thomas Francis Prince of Carignano Prince Maurice of Savoy Emanuel Filibert of Savoy
Children: Princess Luisa Cristina of Savoy Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy Princess Margaret Yolande of Savoy Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy Princess Catherine Beatrice of Savoy
Sister(s): Isabella of Savoy Margaret of Savoy Vicereine of Portugal
Spouse: Christine of France
Father: Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy
Authority Library of congress id ISNI id VIAF id
The details

Victor Amadeus I (Italian: Vittorio Amedeo I di Savoia; 8 May 1587 – 7 October 1637) was the Duke of Savoy from 1630 to 1637. He was also known as the Lion of Susa.


Engraving of Victor Amadeus I

He was born in Turin, Piedmont to Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and Catherine Micaela of Spain, daughter of King Philip II of Spain. He spent much of his childhood in Madrid at the court of his grandfather Philip II. He stayed there until the king's death in 1598, when Victor Amadeus was eleven. When his brother, Filippo Emanuele, died in 1605, he became heir-apparent to the Duchy of Savoy and received the homage of the court at Racconigi on 21 January 1607.

Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Victor Amadeus I.

Victor Amadeus became Duke of Savoy after his father's death in 1630. Charles Emmanuel's policies had brought a great instability in the relationships with both France and Spain, and troops were needed to defend the Duchy. As money was lacking to recruit mercenaries or train indigenous soldiers, Victor Amadeus signed a peace treaty with Spain.

With the Treaty of Cherasco, Savoy was forced to give Pinerolo to France. This gave France a strategic route into the heart of Savoy territory and on into the rest of Italy. The rulers of Savoy from that point resented this loss, and worked for decades with the goal of regaining that loss. Subsequently, under the direction of Cardinal Richelieu, Victor Amadeus attempted to create an anti-Spanish league in Italy. He achieved two victories against the Spanish: In 1636 in the Battle of Tornavento and on 8 September 1637 in the Battle of Mombaldone.


On 25 September 1637, Victor Amadeus fell ill after a dinner offered by the Duke of Créqui. He was carried to Vercelli, where he died on 7 October, aged 50.

Marriage and issue

In 1619, he married Christine Marie of France (1606–1663), a daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici. Following his death, she served as regent of the Duchy from 1637 to 1663. They had children including:


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