Shibi Khagan (Chinese: 始畢可汗/始毕可汗, Modern Chinese: (Pinyin): shǐbì kěhàn, (Wade-Giles): shih-pi k'o-han, Middle Chinese: (Guangyun) [ɕi̯ə˥pi̯et kʰɑ˥ɣɑn˩˥], personal name: 阿史那咄吉世, āshǐnà duōjíshì, a-shih-na to-chi-shih), r. 611–619 AD, succeeded Yami Qaghan as the ninth khagan of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate. He was the first to rebel against Chinese sovereignty since his great-granduncle Ishbara submitted to Emperor Sui Yangdi. He married his father's wife princess Sui Yicheng. He enlisted the support of Sogdian viziers to help him outwit the Chinese. They were all invited to a peace negotiation in the town of Mai in China where they were killed in 615. During the turmoil of the later years of Yangdi's reign, he supported various local warlords in northwestern China, who claimed the title of emperor, including Li Yuan, who would go on to found the Tang Dynasty. The khagan supplied Li with 2,000 horses and 500 cavalry, who played a crucial role in the early victories of the Tang such as the Battle of Huo-i. He had intended to counterbalance Tang power when he died leaving their rise unchecked. His brother Chuluo Qaghan succeeded him.
Shibi Khagan was the father of Ashina Shibobi (阿史那什钵苾) and Ashina Jiesheshuai.