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Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia

Prussian princess
The basics
About
Date of birth Berlin, Germany
Date of death Feb 16, 1801 Brunswick, Lower Saxony, Germany
Family
Mother: Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
Brother(s): Frederick II of Prussia Prince Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia Prince Henry of Prussia Prince Augustus William of Prussia
Children: Charles William Ferdinand Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Duchess Sophie Caroline Marie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Duchess Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Frederick Augustus Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Oels Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Crown Princess of Prussia Leopold of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Auguste Dorothea von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel Albrecht Heinrich von Braunschweig
Sister(s): Anna Amalia Abbess of Quedlinburg Louisa Ulrika of Prussia Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia Princess Friederike Luise of Prussia Wilhelmine of Prussia Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Spouse: Charles I Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Father: Frederick William I of Prussia
Authority Library of congress id VIAF id
The details
Biography

Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia (German: Philippine Charlotte von Preußen) (13 March 1716, in Berlin – 17 February 1801, in Brunswick) was a Duchess consort of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel by marriage to Charles I of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and a known intellectual in contemporary Germany. She is listed as a female composer as she is thought to have written marches and other music.

Life

Philippine Charlotte was the fourth child and third daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and his spouse Sophia Dorothea of Hanover.

On 2 July 1733 in Berlin, Princess Philippine Charlotte married Duke Charles of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, eldest son of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Charles inherited the dukedom on his father's death in 1735, making her Duchess consort.

The double marriage alliance between Prussia and Brunswick by her marriage to Charles I, and that of her brother Frederick to Charles' sister Elisabeth Christine, led to a permanent alliance of the most important North German Protestant houses Prussia and Brunswick. The family ties of the two dynasties resulted the alliance of Brunswick and Prussia in the Seven Years' War, and the career of Philippines sons in the Prussian service.

Philippine charlotte herzogin von braunschweig.jpg

Philippine Charlotte was described as subtle, highly educated and a child of the enlightenment. She worked independently of an extract of the philosophical writings of Christian von Wolff in French. The Duchess pursued, partly because of the influence of the ducal adviser Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Jerusalem, the German intellectual life very closely. She appreciated the poet Salomon Gessner and maintained a personal relationship Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock. The dramatist Lessing were also among her circle.

As Duchess consort, Philippine Charlotte's court life focused on the circle of conversation she held before and after dinner in her state apartments in the Grauer Hof, to which she attracted scholars and men of letters with positions at court. The Brunswick court attended a few opera performances and public balls a year in accordance with court etiquette, but the large expenditure of her spouse soon made it necessary to have a more economic court life.

She raised her son Charles in reverence of her brother, Frederick of Prussia, gave him a humanist education with Abbé Jerusalem among his tutors, and sent him on a Grand Tour with the archaeologist Winckelmann as his companion.

In 1773, Charles I was obliged to make his son regent, and in 1780, he died, and was succeeded by her son.

The Swedish Princess Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte described her, as well as her family, at the time of a visit in August, 1799:

Our cousin, the Duke, arrived immediately the next morning. [...] After he left us, I visited the Dowager Duchess, the aunt of my consort. She is an agreeable, highly educated and well respected lady, but by now so old that she has almost lost her memory.

Philippine Charlotte left to the Wolfenbüttel Library her own collection of 4,000 volumes.

Issue

Ancestry

The contents of this page are sourced from a Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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