Frederick II of PrussiaPrince Augustus Ferdinand of PrussiaPrince Henry of PrussiaPrince Augustus William of Prussia
Charles William FerdinandDuke of Brunswick-WolfenbüttelDuchess Sophie Caroline Marie of Brunswick-WolfenbüttelDuchess Anna Amalia of Brunswick-WolfenbüttelFrederick AugustusPrince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-OelsElisabeth Christine of Brunswick-WolfenbüttelCrown Princess of PrussiaLeopold of Brunswick-WolfenbüttelAuguste Dorothea von Braunschweig-WolfenbüttelAlbrecht Heinrich von Braunschweig
Anna AmaliaAbbess of QuedlinburgLouisa Ulrika of PrussiaPrincess Sophia Dorothea of PrussiaPrincess Friederike Luise of PrussiaWilhelmine of PrussiaMargravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia (German: Philippine Charlotte von Preußen) (13 March 1716, in Berlin – 17 February 1801, in Brunswick) was a Duchess consort of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel by marriage to Charles I of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and a known intellectual in contemporary Germany. She is listed as a female composer as she is thought to have written marches and other music.
Philippine Charlotte was the fourth child and third daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and his spouse Sophia Dorothea of Hanover.
On 2 July 1733 in Berlin, Princess Philippine Charlotte married Duke Charles of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, eldest son of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Charles inherited the dukedom on his father's death in 1735, making her Duchess consort.
The double marriage alliance between Prussia and Brunswick by her marriage to Charles I, and that of her brother Frederick to Charles' sister Elisabeth Christine, led to a permanent alliance of the most important North German Protestant houses Prussia and Brunswick. The family ties of the two dynasties resulted the alliance of Brunswick and Prussia in the Seven Years' War, and the career of Philippines sons in the Prussian service.
Philippine Charlotte was described as subtle, highly educated and a child of the enlightenment. She worked independently of an extract of the philosophical writings of Christian von Wolff in French. The Duchess pursued, partly because of the influence of the ducal adviser Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Jerusalem, the German intellectual life very closely. She appreciated the poet Salomon Gessner and maintained a personal relationship Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock. The dramatist Lessing were also among her circle.
As Duchess consort, Philippine Charlotte's court life focused on the circle of conversation she held before and after dinner in her state apartments in the Grauer Hof, to which she attracted scholars and men of letters with positions at court. The Brunswick court attended a few opera performances and public balls a year in accordance with court etiquette, but the large expenditure of her spouse soon made it necessary to have a more economic court life.
She raised her son Charles in reverence of her brother, Frederick of Prussia, gave him a humanist education with Abbé Jerusalem among his tutors, and sent him on a Grand Tour with the archaeologist Winckelmann as his companion.
In 1773, Charles I was obliged to make his son regent, and in 1780, he died, and was succeeded by her son.
The Swedish Princess Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte described her, as well as her family, at the time of a visit in August, 1799:
Our cousin, the Duke, arrived immediately the next morning. [...] After he left us, I visited the Dowager Duchess, the aunt of my consort. She is an agreeable, highly educated and well respected lady, but by now so old that she has almost lost her memory.
Philippine Charlotte left to the Wolfenbüttel Library her own collection of 4,000 volumes.
Charles II Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
9 October 1735- 16 October 1806
Married Princess Augusta of Great Britain, had issue
29 September 1736- 10 December 1737
Died in infancy
Sophie Caroline Marie Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
7 October 1737- 21 December 1817
Married Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth and had no issue
13 November 1738- 12 April 1742
Died in infancy
Anna Amalia Duchess of Saxe-Weimar and Eisenach
24 October 1739- 10 April 1807
Married Ernest Augustus II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and had issue
29 October 1740- 8 October 1805
Married Princess Friederike Sophie Charlotte Auguste of Württemberg-Oels and had no issue
26 February 1742- 8 August 1761
18 December 1743- 22 February 1744
Died in infancy
18 May 1745- 24 August 1770
Elisabeth Christine Crown Princess of Prussia
8 November 1746- 18 February 1840
Married Frederick William, Crown Prince of Prussia and had issue
The marriage was dissolved in 1769
8 April 1748- 22 January 1758
Died in infancy
Augusta Dorothea Abbess of Gandersheim
2 October 1749- 10 March 1810
Maximilian Julius Leopold
11 October 1752- 24 April 1785
Ancestors of Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia
16. George William, Elector of Brandenburg
8. Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
17. Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate
4. Frederick I of Prussia
18. Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange
9. Countess Luise Henriette of Nassau
19. Countess Amalia of Solms-Braunfels
2. Frederick William I of Prussia
20. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
10. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg
21. Landgravine Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt
5. Princess Sophia Charlotte of Hanover
22. Frederick V, Elector Palatine
11. Sophia of the Palatinate
23. Princess Elizabeth of Scotland
1. Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia
24. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg =20, 28
12. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg =10
25. Landgravine Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt =21, 29
6. George I of Great Britain
26. Frederick V, Elector Palatine =22
13. Sophia of the Palatinate =11
27. Princess Elizabeth of Scotland =23
3. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
28. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg =20, 24
14. George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
29. Landgravine Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt =21, 25