Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of BavariaPrince Alfons of Bavaria
Prince EugenioDuke of GenoaPrince FerdinandoDuke of GenoaPrince FilibertoDuke of GenoaPrincess Bona Margherita of Savoy-GenoaPrince AdalbertoDuke of BergamoPrincess Maria Adelaide of Savoy-Genoa
Princess Isabella of Bavaria (Marie Elisabeth Luise Amalie Elvire Blanche Eleonore; 31 August 1863 – 26 February 1924) was the third child and eldest daughter of Prince Adalbert of Bavaria and his wife Infanta Amelia Philippina of Spain. By her marriage to Prince Thomas, Duke of Genoa, she became referred to as the Duchess of Genoa.
Isabella was one of five children born to Prince Adalbert of Bavaria and his wife Infanta Amelia Philippina of Spain.
Isabella's father Adalbert was the fourth son of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen. Her mother Amalia was a daughter of Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain, a younger brother of Ferdinand VII of Spain. Her mother was also a sister of Francis, Duke of Cádiz, the consort of Ferdinand VII's daughter Isabella II of Spain.
Marriage and children
In 1883 at Nymphenburg, Bavaria, Isabella married Prince Thomas, Duke of Genoa. He was the only son of Prince Ferdinand, Duke of Genoa and his wife Princess Elisabeth of Saxony. He was also a brother-in-law through his sister Margherita of Savoy of Umberto I of Italy, and thus was an uncle of the future King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. Their union was the fourth time the houses of Wittelsbach and Savoy had been united in marriage.
The wedding was regarded by one spectator as "remarkable for good taste and simplicity". Ludwig II of Bavaria (Isabella's cousin) did not attend, as he rarely went to public events. His absence, observed one attendee, meant that the wedding guests "could enjoy themselves in an atmosphere of conviviality which is rarely found in Court festivities".
Isabella and Thomas had the following children:
Ferdinando, 3rd Duke of Genoa and Prince of Udine
Married Maria Luisa Alliaga Gandolfi dei conti di Ricaldone; no issue
Filiberto, 4th Duke of Genoa and Duke of Pistoia
Married Princess Lydia von Arenberg; no issue
Princess Bona Margherita of Savoy-Genoa
Married Prince Konrad of Bavaria; had issue
Prince Adalberto, Duke of Bergamo
General during WWII, no issue
Princess Adelaide of Savoy-Genoa
25 April 1904
8 February 1979
Married Leone Massimo, Prince of Arsoli (great-grandson of Princess Caroline of Naples and Sicily)
Eugenio, 5th Duke of Genoa and Duke of Ancona
13 March 1906
8 December 1996
Married Princess Lucia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies; had issue
In 1905, Isabella and her husband, as well as other members of the House of Savoy attended a ceremony in honor of the beatification of a French priest. It was attended by Pope Pius X, along with 1,000 French pilgrims and several thousand worshipers of other nationalities, as well as twenty-two Cardinals and the Papal Court. The event was notable as it was the first time members of the House of Savoy had assisted at a religious function in the presence of the Pope.
As Duke and Duchess of Genoa, Isabella and her husband often attended other royal functions as representatives of the House of Savoy. For instance, in 1911 they attended the unveiling of a large monument of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy in Rome. The event had nearly one million witnesses, and was also attended by dowager queens Maria Pia of Portugal and Margherita of Italy and the Duke and Duchess of Aosta.
In 1913, Isabella had a near escape from death. While anointing her arms and neck with a preparation for rheumatism, she became too close to a lamp, causing the preparation to ignite. She only survived because her maid quickly smothered the flames.
On 26 February 1924, Isabella died of bronchial pneumonia in Rome. She had been ill for several days beforehand. Thomas would die seven years later, in 1931.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
31 August 1863 – 21 May 1883: Her Royal Highness Princess Isabella of Bavaria
21 May 1883 – 26 February 1924: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Genoa
Austria-Hungary : Dame of the Order of the Starry Cross
Spain : 612th Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa - .
Ancestry and succession
Ancestors of Princess Isabella of Bavaria
16. Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
8. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
17. Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
4. Ludwig I of Bavaria
18. Landgrave George William of Hesse-Darmstadt
9. Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt
19. Luise of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
2. Prince Adalbert of Bavaria
20. Ernest Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen