Princess Augusta of Bavaria, Duchess of Leuchtenberg (German: Augusta Amalia Ludovika von Bayern) (Strasbourg, 21 June 1788 – Munich, 13 May 1851) was the second child and eldest daughter of Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Marriage and issue
Although originally promised in marriage to the heir of Baden, Charles, the engagement was broken at the behest of Napoleon I of France. On 14 January 1806 in Munich, Augusta married Eugène de Beauharnais, only son of Josephine de Beauharnais and Alexandre, vicomte de Beauharnais and stepson of Napoleon. In return, Napoleon raised Bavaria from a state to a Kingdom. Although a diplomatic marriage, this union would turn out to be a happy one. In 1817, Augusta's father created his son-in-law Duke of Leuchtenberg and Prince of Eichstädt, with the style Royal Highness.
Augusta and Eugène had seven children:
Princess Joséphine Maximiliane Eugénie Napoléonne de Beauharnais (1807–1876); married Oscar I of Sweden, himself the son of Napoleon's old love, Désirée Clary.
Princess Eugénie Hortense Auguste de Beauharnais (1808–1847); married Friedrich, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen.
Prince Auguste Charles Eugène Napoléon de Beauharnais, 2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg (1810–1835); married Maria II of Portugal. There was no issue from this marriage.
Princess Amélie Auguste Eugénie Napoléone de Beauharnais (31 July 1812 – 26 January 1873); married Pedro I of Brazil (father of Maria II of Portugal and Pedro II of Brazil) and became Empress of Brazil.
Princess Theodelinde Louise Eugénie Auguste Napoléone de Beauharnais (1814–1857); married Wilhelm, 1st Duke of Urach.
Princess Carolina Clotilde de Beauharnais (1816)
Prince Maximilian Josèphe Eugène Auguste Napoléon de Beauharnais (1817–1852); married Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaievna of Russia, eldest daughter of Nicholas I of Russia, and received the title of "Prince Romanovsky" with the style "Imperial Highness", in 1852.
Titles and styles
21 June 1788 - 1 January 1806:Her Serene Highness Duchess Augusta of Bavaria
1 - 14 January 1806:Her Royal Highness Princess Augusta of Bavaria
14 January 1806 - 20 December 1807:Her Imperial Highness French Princess Eugène de Beauharnais
20 December 1807 - 26 October 1813:Her Imperial Highness The Princess of Venice
26 October 1813 - December 1813:Her Imperial Highness The Grand Duchess of Frankfurt, Princess of Venice
December 1813 - 11 April 1814:Her Imperial Highness The Princess of Venice
11 April 1814 - 14 November 1817:Her Royal Highness Princess Augusta, Madame de Beauharnais
14 November 1817 -21 February 1824:Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Leuchtenberg, Princess of Eichstätt
21 February 1824 - 13 May 1851:Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Leuchtenberg
Ancestors of Princess Augusta of Bavaria
16. Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
8. Christian III, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Zweibrücken
17. Countess Katharina Agathe of Rappoltstein
4. Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken
18. Louis Crato, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
9. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
19. Countess Philippine Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
2. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
20. Theodore Eustace, Count Palatine of Sulzbach
10. Joseph Karl Emanuel August, Count Palatine of Sulzbach
21. Maria Eleonore of Hessen-Rheinfels
5. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
22. Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
11. Countess Palatine Elizabeth Augusta Sophie of Neuburg
23. Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł
1. Princess Augusta of Bavaria
24. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
12. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
25. Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach
6. Landgrave George William of Hesse-Darmstadt
26. Johann Reinhard III, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg
13. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg
27. Margravine Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach
3. Landgravine Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt
28. John, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
14. Christian Karl Reinhard of Leiningen-Dachsburg-Falkenburg-Heidesheim
29. Johanna Magdalene of Hanau-Lichtenberg
7. Countess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Falkenburg-Dagsburg
30. Ludwig, Count of Solms-Rödelheim
15. Countess Katherine Polyxene of Solms-Rödelheim-Assenheim