|Birth||October 7, 1891 (Pillnitz)|
Oberst Paul Aue was born on 7 October 1891 in Söbringen, Kingdom of Saxony. He matured into a small man; some sources even call him "diminutive".
World War I
In 1916, Aue served with Kampstaffel 30 of Kampgeschwader 5. Flying a two-seater reconnaissance plane, Aue and his observer managed to down a similar craft, a Royal Aircraft Factory BE.2c, on 25 October 1916. Aue was then credited with two more victories before being transferred to Jasta 10 that same month.
He scored his–and his new squadron's–first victory on 25 March 1917. He struck again on 7 June, wounding a British Spad VII pilot, and driving pilot and plane into captivity. Aue was wounded in action on 19 September 1917 while piloting a Pfalz D.III. During a dogfight at 3,000 meters with two dozen British Royal Naval Air Service planes from Naval 10 Squadron above Roulers, France the German sergeant ace was hit by three English bullets, one of them an explosive round. Though he refused to leave his unit, his wounds kept him out of action until February 1918; he would not score another victory until 3 May 1918, when he shot down a Bristol F.2 Fighter, killing the pilot and wounding the gunner. It would be his last victory while flying the Pfalz, as Jasta 10 was upgrading to Fokker D.VIIs.
On 16 June 1918, Aue attacked and destroyed an enemy observation balloon for his seventh confirmed win. He went on to shoot down three more enemy fighter planes, his last victory coming on 4 September 1918.
Between the wars
Paul Aue joined the nascent Luftwaffe during the 1930s.
World War II
On 1 November 1939, Oberst Paul Aue was appointed to command of Blindflugschule 1 of the Luftwaffe. Blindflugschule 1's ("Blind Flying School 1")'s airfield was shared with a formation of Messerschmitt Me 163 rocket planes. Aue would head the school until 16 April 1945, when the school disbanded. He was captured by the Soviet Army, and died in a prisoner of war camp.
List of aerial victories
Details of Paul Aue's victories are incomplete. An attempt to collate these details and produce a complete victory list appears below.
Please include a source/citation for any additions.
See also Aerial victory standards of World War I
|1||25 October 1916||Reconnaissance two-seater||Royal Aircraft Factory BE.2c||Confirmed|
|4||25 March 1917||Pfalz D.III||Nieuport serial number 3418||Confirmed||Champs, France||Jasta 10's first victory|
|—||23 May 1917 @ 2115 hours||Pfalz D.III||Sopwith Triplane||Unconfirmed||Carvin, France|
|—||27 May 1917 @ 0810 hours||Pfalz D.III||Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5||Unconfirmed|
|5||7 June 1917||Pfalz D.III||Spad VII serial number B1524||Confirmed||Menen, Belgium||British pilot and aircraft captured|
|—||7 June 1917||Pfalz D.III||Spad||Unconfirmed||Coucou|
|6||3 May 1918 @ 1215 hours||Albatros D.V||Bristol F.2 Fighter||Confirmed||Proyart, France||Aue's first victory after serious wounding|
|7||16 June 1918 @ 0645 hours||Fokker D.VII||Observation balloon||Confirmed||Villers-Cotterêts, France|
|8||19 August 1918 @ 0900 hours||Fokker D.VII||Sopwith Camel||Confirmed||Southwest of Puisieux, France|
|9||29 August 1918 @ 0955 hours||Fokker D.VII||Sopwith Camel||Confirmed||Estrées, France|
|10||4 September 1918 @ 1130 hours||Fokker D.VII||Spad||Confirmed||Montfaucon, France|
Paul Aue is known to have earned the following honors:
Kingdom of Saxony: Silver Military Order of Saint Henry awarded on 24 April 1917
Kingdom of Saxony: Gold Military Order of Saint Henry awarded during July 1918
Iron Cross First Class
Silver Friedrich-August Medal
Paul Aue also may have been awarded two other decorations:
Saxon Honor Cross with Crown and Swords
Saxon War Merit Cross