|Occupation||Actor Film actor Television actor Stage actor|
|Country||United States of America|
|AKA||Pamela Suzette Grier|
|Date of birth||Winston-Salem, Forsyth County, North Carolina, U.S.A.|
|Education||East High School, Metropolitan State University of Denver|
|Authority||IMDB id BIBSYS id Musicbrainz id Discogs id ISNI id VIAF id Library of congress id|
Pamela Suzette "Pam" Grier (born May 26, 1949) is an American actress. She became known in the early 1970s for starring in a string of women in prison and blaxploitation films like The Big Bird Cage (1972), Coffy (1973), Foxy Brown (1974) and Sheba Baby (1975). She starred in Quentin Tarantino's film Jackie Brown, for which she received a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress. She has also been nominated for a SAG Award as well as a Satellite Award for her performance in Jackie Brown. Grier is also known for her work on television; for 6 seasons she portrayed Kate 'Kit' Porter on the television series The L Word. She received an Emmy Award nomination for her work in the animated program Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child. Rotten Tomatoes has ranked her as the second greatest female action heroine in film history. Director Quentin Tarantino remarked that she may have been cinema's first female action star.
Pamela Suzette Grier was born on May 26, 1949 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, the daughter of Gwendolyn Sylvia (née Samuels), a homemaker and nurse, and Clarence Ransom Grier, Jr., who worked as a mechanic and Technical Sergeant in the United States Air Force. She has one sister and one brother. Grier has stated that she is of mixed ancestry consisting of African-American, Hispanic, Chinese, Filipino and Cheyenne Indian heritage.
At age 6, Grier was raped by two boys when she was left unattended at her aunt's house. "It took so long to deal with the pain of that," she says, "You try to deal with it, but you never really get over it," she adds. "And not just me; my family endured so much guilt and anger that something like that happened to me."
Because of her father's military career, her family moved frequently during her childhood, to various places such as England, and eventually settled in Denver, where she attended East High School. While in Denver she appeared in a number of stage productions, and participated in beauty contests to raise money for college tuition at Metropolitan State College.
Grier moved to Los Angeles, California, in 1967, where she was initially hired as a receptionist at American International Pictures (AIP). It is believed that she was discovered by director Jack Hill, who cast her in his women in prison films The Big Doll House (1971) and The Big Bird Cage (1972).
While under contract at AIP, she became a staple of early 1970s blaxploitation movies, playing big, bold, assertive women, beginning with Jack Hill's Coffy (1973), in which she plays a nurse who seeks revenge on drug dealers. Her character was advertised in the trailer as the "baddest one-chick hit-squad that ever hit town!" The film, which was filled with sexual and violent elements typical of the genre, was a box-office hit. Grier is considered to be the first African-American female to headline an action film, as protagonists of previous blaxploitation films were males. In his review of Coffy, critic Roger Ebert praised the film for its believable female lead. He noted that Grier was an actress of "beautiful face and astonishing form" and that she possessed a kind of "physical life" missing from many other attractive actresses. Grier subsequently played similar characters in the AIP films Foxy Brown (1974), Sheba, Baby and Friday Foster, (both 1975).
With the demise of blaxploitation later in the 1970s, Grier appeared in smaller roles for many years. She acquired progressively larger character roles in the 1980s, including a druggie prostitute in Fort Apache, The Bronx (1981), a witch in Something Wicked this Way Comes (1983), and Steven Seagal's detective partner in Above the Law (1988). She had a recurring role on Miami Vice from 1985 to 1989 and made guest appearances on Martin, Night Court and The Fresh Prince of Bel Air. She had a recurring role in the TV series Crime Story between 1986 and 1988. Her role in Rocket Gibraltar (1988) was cut due to fears by the film's director, Daniel Petrie, of "repercussions from interracial love scenes". She appeared on Sinbad, Preston Chronicles, The Cosby Show, The Wayans Brothers Show, and Mad TV. In 1994, Grier appeared in Snoop Dogg's video for "Doggy Dogg World".
In the late 1990s, Grier was a cast member of the Showtime series Linc's. She appeared in 1996 in John Carpenter's Escape from L.A. and 1997 with the title role in Quentin Tarantino's Jackie Brown, films that partly paid homage to her 1970s blaxploitation movies. She was nominated for numerous awards for her work in the Tarantino film. Grier appeared on Showtime's The L Word, in which she played Kit Porter. The series ran for six seasons and ended in March 2009. Grier occasionally guest-stars in such television series as Law & Order: Special Victims Unit (where she is a recurring character).
In 2010, Grier began appearing in a recurring role on the hit science fiction series Smallville as the villain Amanda Waller, also known as White Queen, head agent of Checkmate, a covert operations agency. She recently appeared as a friend and colleague to Julia Roberts' college professor in Larry Crowne.
In 2010, Grier wrote her memoir, Foxy: My Life in Three Acts, with Andrea Cagan.
In 1998 Grier was engaged to music executive Kevin Evans, but the engagement ended in 1999. From 2000 to 2008 she dated marketing executive Peter Hempel.. She also dated basketball player Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, comics Freddie Prinze, Richard Pryor, and Soul Train host, Don Cornelius. She also had a brief relationship with basketball player Wilt Chamberlain.
She received her Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from the University of Maryland Eastern Shore in 2011. That same year, she received an Honorary Doctorate of Science from Langston University. She started the Pam Grier Community Garden and Education Center with the National Multicultural Western Heritage Museum. She lives in Colorado.
|1970||Beyond the Valley of the Dolls||Partygoer|
|1971||The Big Doll House||Grear|
|Women in Cages||Alabama|
|The Big Bird Cage||Blossom|
|1973||Black Mama White Mama||Lee Daniels|
|Scream Blacula Scream||Lisa|
|The Twilight People||Ayesa, the Panther Woman|
|Foxy Brown||Foxy Brown|
|1975||Sheba, Baby||Sheba Shayne|
|Friday Foster||Friday Foster|
|1977||Greased Lightning||Mary Jones|
|Twilight of Love||Sandra|
|1981||Fort Apache, The Bronx||Charlotte|
|1983||Something Wicked This Way Comes||Dust Witch|
|1985||Stand Alone||Cathryn Bolan|
|1986||On the Edge||Cora|
|1987||The Allnighter||Sgt. McLeesh|
|1988||Above the Law||Delores 'Jacks' Jackson|
|1989||The Package||Ruth Butler|
|1990||Class of 1999||Ms. Connors|
|1991||Bill & Ted's Bogus Journey||Ms. Wardroe|
|1996||Mars Attacks!||Louise Williams|
|Escape from L.A.||Hershe Las Palmas|
|Original Gangstas||Laurie Thompson|
|1997||Jackie Brown||Jackie Brown||San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Actress |
Nominated — Empire Award for Best Actress
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated — NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture
Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Actress
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role
|Fakin' da Funk||Annabelle Lee|
|In Too Deep||Det. Angela Wilson|
|Jawbreaker||Detective Vera Cruz|
|Wilder||Detective Della Wilder|
|Fortress 2: Re-Entry||Susan Mendenhall|
|2001||Ghosts of Mars||Commander Helena Braddock|
|Bones||Pearl||Nominated — Black Reel Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture|
|2002||The Adventures of Pluto Nash||Flura Nash|
|2005||Back in the Day||Mrs. Cooper|
|2010||Just Wright||Janice Wright|
|2012||Woman Thou Art Loosed: On the 7th Day||Detective Barrick|
|2012||The Man with the Iron Fists||Jane|
|2013||Grand Theft Auto V||Herself||DJ on in-game radio station 'The Lowdown 91.1'|
|1979||Roots: The Next Generations||Francey||Miniseries|
|1980||The Love Boat||Cynthia Wilbur||Two episodes|
|1985||Badge of the Assassin||Alexandra Horn||Television film|
|1985-1990||Miami Vice||Valerie Gordon||Three episodes|
|1986||Night Court||Benet Collins||Two episodes|
|1986-1988||Crime Story||Suzanne Terry||Recurring role |
|1987||The Cosby Show||Samantha||Episode: "Planning Parenthood"|
|1988||Frank's Place||Neema Sharone||Episode: "Frank's Place - The Movie"|
|1989||Midnight Caller||Susan Province||Episode: "Blood Red"|
|1990||Knots Landing||Lieutenant Guthrie||Two episodes|
|1991||Monsters||Matilde||Episode: "Hostile Takeover"|
|1992||Pacific Station||Grace Ballard||Episode: "My Favorite Dad"|
|A Mother's Right: The Elizabeth Morgan Story||Linda Holman||Television film|
|1994||In Living Color||Herself||Episode: "Mrs. Ikefire"|
|The Sinbad Show||Lynn Montgomery||Two episodes|
|The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air||Janice||Episode: "M is for the Many Things She Gave Me"|
|1995||The Marshal||Marshal Vanetta Brown||Episode: "Rainbow Comix"|
|Martin||Herself||Episode: "All the Players Came"|
|1996||Sparks||Ms. Grayson||Episode: "Pillow Talk"|
|The Wayans Bros.||Erica||Episodes: "Goin' to the Net"|
|1998||Mad TV||Host||One episode|
|Pinky and the Brain||Julie Auburn||Voice role |
Episode: "Inherit the Wheeze"
|Family Blessings||Mrs. Quincy||TV movie|
|1998-2000||Linc's||Eleanor Winthrop||Series regular |
Nominated — NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Comedy Series
|1999||The Wild Thornberrys||Mother Springbok||Voice role |
Episode: "Stick Your Neck Out"
|Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child||The Empress' Nightingale||Voice role |
Episode: "The Empress' Nightingale"
Nominated — Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Performer in an Animated Program
|Hayley Wagner, Star||Sam||Television film|
|For Your Love||Brenda||Episode: "The Sins of the Mother and... the Boyfriend"|
|2001||The Feast of All Saints||Suzzette Lermontant||Miniseries|
|3 A.M.||George||Television movie |
Nominated — Black Reel Award for Best Actress in Network/Cable Series
Nominated — NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Television Movie, Mini-Series or Dramatic Special
|2002||Night Visions||Dr. Lewis||Episode: "Switch"|
|Justice League||My'ria'h||Voice role |
|2002-2003||Law & Order: Special Victims Unit||Asst. US Attorney Claudia Williams||Two episodes |
Nominated — NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series
|2003||First to Die||Claire Washburn||Television film|
|2004-2009||The L Word||Kit Porter||Series regular |
Nominated — NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series
|2008||Ladies of the House||Roberta "Birdie" Marchand||Television film|
|2010||Smallville||Amanda Waller||Three episodes|
|2015||Cleveland Abduction||Nurse Carla||Television film|
- "Long Time Woman" (1971, from the film The Big Doll House)
- "Communication" by Bobby Womack (1971, backing vocals)
- "Understanding" by Bobby Womack (1972, backing vocals)