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Nicolai Clausen

German World War II U-boat commander
The basics
About
Occupation Submariner Officer
Country Germany
Date of birth Flensburg
Date of death May 16, 1943 Madeira Island
The details
Biography

Asmus Nicolai Clausen (2 June 1911 – 16 May 1943) was a German U-boat commander of the Second World War. He is credited with sinking 23 ships for a total of 73,428 gross register tons (GRT) of Allied shipping. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, awarded by Nazi Germany to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Clausen and U-182 were lost with all hands, sunk on 16 May 1943 by the American destroyers USS MacKenzie and USS Lamb.

Summary of career

Ships attacked

As commander of U-37, U-129 and U-182 Nicolai Clausen is credited with the sinking of 23 ships for a total of 73,428 gross register tons (GRT) and sinking the French submarine Sfax (Q 182) of 1,379 metric tons (1,357 long tons; 1,520 short tons).

Date U-boat Name of Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate
1 December 1940 U-37 Palmella  United Kingdom 1,578 Sunk
2 December 1940 U-37 Gwalia  Sweden 1,258 Sunk
2 December 1940 U-37 Jeanne M.  United Kingdom 2,465 Sunk
4 December 1940 U-37 Daphne  Sweden 1,513 Sunk
16 December 1940 U-37 San Carlos  Spain 223 Sunk
19 December 1940 U-37 Rhône  Free France 2,785 Sunk
19 December 1940 U-37 Sfax (Q 182)  Free French Naval Forces 1,379 Sunk
9 February 1941 U-37 Courland  United Kingdom 1,325 Sunk
9 February 1941 U-37 Estrellano  United Kingdom 1,983 Sunk
10 February 1941 U-37 Brandenburg  United Kingdom 1,473 Sunk
7 March 1941 U-37 Mentor  Greece 3,050 Sunk
12 March 1941 U-37 Petursey  Iceland 91 Sunk
20 February 1942 U-129 Nordvangen  Norway 2,400 Sunk
23 February 1942 U-129 George L. Torian  Canada 1,754 Sunk
23 February 1942 U-129 Lennox  Canada 1,904 Sunk
23 February 1942 U-129 West Zeda  United States 5,658 Sunk
28 February 1942 U-129 Bayou  Panama 2,605 Sunk
3 March 1942 U-129 Mary  United States 5,104 Sunk
7 March 1942 U-129 Steel Age  United States 6,188 Sunk
15 January 1943 U-182 Ocean Courage  United Kingdom 7,173 Sunk
17 February 1943 U-182 Llanashe  United Kingdom 4,836 Sunk
10 March 1943 U-182 Richard D. Spaight  United States 7,177 Sunk
5 April 1943 U-182 Aloe  United Kingdom 5,047 Sunk
1 May 1943 U-182 Adelfotis  Greece 5,838 Sunk

Awards

  • Wehrmacht Long Service Award 3rd Class (15 October 1941)
  • Iron Cross (1939)
    • 2nd Class (28 February 1940)
    • 1st Class (10 June 1940)
  • U-boat War Badge (1939) (18 April 1940)
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 13 March 1942 as Kapitänleutnant and commander of U-129
  • Mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht on 12 March 1942

Promotions

1 October 1931: Obermatrose (Seaman Apprentice)
1 October 1933: Matrosengefreiter (Seaman Lance Corporal)
1 November 1933: Bootsmannsmaat (Petty Officer Third Class)
1 September 1935: Obersteuermannsmaat (Petty Officer Second Class)
1 May 1937: Fähnrich zur See (Officer Cadet)
1 October 1937: Oberfähnrich zur See (Senior Ensign)
1 January 1938: Leutnant zur See (Second Lieutenant)
1 April 1939: Oberleutnant zur See (First Lieutenant)
1 January 1941: Kapitänleutnant (Captain Lieutenant)
5 April 1945: Korvettenkapitän (Corvette Captain), with a rank age dated on 1 May 1943
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