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Nicholas Harrington

Nicholas Harrington

English soldier and politician (b. 1345/6, d. in or before 1404)
The basics
Gender male
Birth 1346
Death 1404
Father: John Harrington
Children: William Harrington
The details

Sir Nicholas Harrington of Hornby, Lancashire (c. 1345/6 – ~1404), was an English Member of B Parliament. He was the third and youngest son of Sir John Harrington of Hornby and Katherine Banaster (d. 1359).

Early life

His father died in 1358, and his elder brothers, Robert and Thomas, both followed their father, in rapid succession; dying, supposedly, 'in parts beyond the sea' in two separate events (February and then August 1361 respectively. Harrington then being the remaining heir, he entered his inheritance in circa 1360, having been a ward of Sir James Pickering, who had purchased the wardship from John of Gaunt. He fought in Ireland for at least two years, accompanied in service by his former guardian, under one William Windsor (who was married to Alice Perrers, King Edward III's mistress).

Career and illegal activities

In 1373, Harrington was party, with Sir William Curwen, to a raid on Beaumont (near Carlisle, Cumberland). This specifically attacked the lands of Ralph, Lord Dacre, and the large attacking force carried away much of value. Called a 'a rapidly escalating vendetta,' it was doubtless part of the same Dacre family feud that saw Ralph Dacre murdered by his own brother Hugh two years later; indeed, it has been suggested that Harrington was probably implicated in his murder, as he was within a short time excommunicated by the Archbishop of York. Still retained by John of Gaunt, and with Pickering acting as his mainprisor - putting up Harrington's bail, more or less - he returned to Crown favour by 1379, with his appointment as Lancashire sheriff, and was finally issued an official pardon by Gaunt. In 1393, he received another pardon from Gaunt, this time for repeatedly poaching game and holding illegal hunts in Gaunt's ducal forests, which was then reissued four years later.

Royal service

Knighted by April 1369, he was five-time MP for Lancashire; his final entry to the House of Commons of England was less than two years before his death. In 1379 was appointed Sheriff, an office he held for the next five years. He sat on a multitude of royal commissions of array, Oyer and terminer, assize, and shipwreck over thirty years until 1398.

Family and death

Harrington was twice wed, firstly to Isabel English (by September 1369), and by August 1397, he had married the twice-widowed Joan Venable. His first wife bore three children, William, James and Nicholas. His second marriage brought him an augmentation of his estates, as Joan was a widow, and controlled her dead husband's estates in Huyton and Knowsley. Indeed, it is likely they were well matched: she has been described as a 'somewhat notorious' figure, having taken her second husband as a live-in lover while her first husband was on his death-bed. He appears to have died sometime before February 1404, after which he leaves no official trace.

His estates passed to his eldest son, Sir William, and Nicholas and James entered the household of Henry IV as squires.

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Early life Career and illegal activities Royal service Family and death
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