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Murad V

Ottoman sultan
The basics
About
Occupation Politician
Country Ottoman Empire
AKA Murat V
Date of birth Constantinople
Date of death Aug 29, 1904 Constantinople
Family
Father: Abdülmecid I
Mother: Şevkefza Kadın
Children: Fehime Sultan Şehzade Mehmed Selaheddin Hatice Sultan Aliye Sultan someone
Brother(s): Abdul Hamid II Mehmed V Mehmed VI Ahmed Kemaleddin Mehmed Burhaneddin Efendi (1849-1876)
Spouse: Elaru Kadın Reftarıdil Kadın Meyliservet Kadın Resan Hanım Şayan Kadın
Authority Library of congress id VIAF id Musicbrainz id
The details
Biography

Murad V (Ottoman Turkish: مراد خامس‎) (21 September 1840 – 29 August 1904) was the 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire who reigned from 30 May to 31 August 1876.

He was born at the Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Istanbul. His father was Abdulmejid I. His mother, whom his father married in Constantinople on 1 August 1839, was Şevkefza Valide Sultan, an ethnic Circassian from the Ubykh tribe, daughter of Mehmed Bey Zaurum and his wife Cemile Hanım.

Reign

Murad became the Sultan when his uncle Abdülaziz was deposed. He was highly influenced by French culture and was a liberal. He reigned for 93 days before being deposed on the grounds that he was mentally ill. As a result, he was unable to deliver the Constitution that his supporters had sought. The ensuing political instability caused by his ousting moved the empire closer to the disastrous war with Russia, then ruled by Alexander II.

Murad V was the first and only sultan member of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey.

An important primary source about his life comes from the memoirs of one of his consorts, Filizten Kalfa, written in the 1930s.

He died at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Istanbul, and was buried in Istanbul on 30 August 1904. His brother, Abdul Hamid II, ascended the throne on 31 August 1876.

Family

Murad married five times and had five children. His marriages were:

  • He married firstly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 2 January 1857 to Georgian Elaru Kadın (Tbilisi, c. 1841 – Chichli, 21 February 1936), daughter of Ahmed Bey Tarkanişvili, without issue.
  • He married secondly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 4 February 1859 to Circassian (from Abzakh tribe) Reftarıdil Kadın (North Caucasus, c. 1844 – Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 3 March 1936), daughter of Hatkoyuko Bey Hatko, and had:
    • Şehzade Mehmed Selaheddin (Dolmabahçe Palace, Istanbul, 5 August 1861 – Feneryolu Palace, Üsküdar, Istanbul, 29 April 1915 and buried in Şehzade Kemaleddin Mausoleum, Yahya Efendi), married and had issue;
      • Şehzade Osman Fuad
      • Şehzade Ahmed Nihad, married and had issue;
        • Şehzade Ali Vâsib, married and had issue;
          • Şehzade Osman Selaheddin Osmanoğlu, married and had issue;
            • Şehzade Orhan Murad Osmanoğlu, married and had issue;
            • Şehzade Selim Süleyman Osmanoğlu, married and had issue;
            • Ayşe Gülnev Osmanoğlu, married and had issue;
  • He married thirdly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 5 February 1869 to Circassian (from Natukhai tribe) Şayan Kadın (Anapa, Russia, c. 1854 – Ortaköy 15 March 1945), daughter of Batır Bey Zan, and had:
    • Hatice Sultan (Kurbağalıdere Köşkü, 5 May 1870 – 13 March 1938, Beirut, Lebanon and buried in Damascus), married firstly at Yıldız Palace, 3 September 1901 and divorced in Ortaköy on 20 September 1908 to Damat Ali Vasif Pasha (c. 1870 – 1918), Vizier, married secondly at Ortaköy Palace, 1 May 1909 and divorced on 16 June 1918 to Damat Rauf Hayreddin Bey (1871 – Beirut, Lebanon 1936), Chief Secretary of Foreign Ministry, son of Hayri Bey; and had issue:
      • Ayşe Hanımsultan (1902 – ?), by Ali Vasıf Pasha, married in 1920 to İşkodralızâde Celal Bey, and had issue, who lives today in Turkey and Germany.
      • Sultanzade Hayri Bey (19 June 1912 – ?) by Rauf Hayreddin Bey.
      • Selma Hanımsultan Raouf (13 April 1914 – 13 January 1942 buried at the Islamic cemetery of Bobigny near Paris), married in 1937 as his first wife, Sayed Sajid Hussain Zaidi (1910 – 1991), taluqdar of Kotwara (near Gola Gokarannath in Lakhimpur Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh state) in India. They had issue:
  • He married fourthly at Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, on 8 June 1874 to Circassian Meyliservet Kadın (Batumi, present-day Georgia, c. 1859 – Constantinople, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 9 December 1903), and had:
    • Fehime Sultan (Dolmabahçe Palace, Istanbul, 2 August 1875 – Nice, France, 15 September 1929 and buried in Damascus), married firstly at the Yıldız Palace, 12 September 1901 and divorced at Ortaköy on 4 November 1908 to Damat Ali Galib Pasha (Istanbul, c. 1871 – Teşvikiye, Istanbul, 16 June 1950), Vizier 1904, married secondly at the Ortaköy Palace on 5 June 1910 morganatical and divorced in 1927 to Captain Mahmud Behçet Bey (Istanbul, c. 1880 – 19xx), late Imperial Ottoman Cavalry, and adopted his two children from his former marriage.
  • He married fifthly at Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, on 2 November 1877 to Georgian Resan Hanım (Artvin, c. 1862 – Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 31 March 1910), daughter of Ömer Bey by his wife Fatma Hanım, and had:
    • Fatma Sultan (Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Istanbul, 19 June 1879 – Sofia, Bulgaria, 20 November 1932 and buried there), married at Ortaköy, 29 July 1907 to Damat Refik Iris Bey Efendi (Istanbul, c. 1887 – Istanbul, 1952), diplomat, son of Senator Faik Bey, of Konya and had Issue:
      • Ayşe Hatice Hanımsultan (20 January 1909 – 14 October 1968), unmarried, without issue
      • Sultanzade Mehmed Ali Bey (20 January 1909 – 1981), unmarried, without issue
      • Sultanzade Celaleddin Bey (23 April 1916 – 18 November 1997), married 1944 to Sofia Telgüzar Hanım (2 February 1926 (Sofia) daughter of Hasan Mehmet, and had issue:
        • Faik Bey (14 October 1945 – 1 October 1993)
        • Resan Hanım (born 15 November 1956) married Haluk Deveci (1953), and had issue.
    • Aliye Sultan (Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Istanbul, 24 August 1880 – 19 September 1903, Istanbul), unmarried and without issue.

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The contents of this page are sourced from a Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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