Infanta AdelgundesDuchess of GuimarãesInfanta Marie Anne of PortugalInfanta Maria Antonia of PortugalInfanta Maria Theresa of PortugalInfanta Maria Josepha of PortugalInfanta Maria das Neves of Portugal
Miguel I of Portugal
Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-RosenbergPrincess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis
Princess Isabel Maria of BraganzaPrince MiguelDuke of ViseuPrince Francis Joseph of BraganzaInfanta Maria Adelaide of PortugalDuarte NunoDuke of BraganzaPrincess Maria Anna of BraganzaMaria Teresa de Bragança
Miguel of Braganza (Portuguese pronunciation: [miˈɣɛɫ]; full name Miguel Maria Carlos Egídio Constantino Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga Francisco de Paula e de Assis Januário de Bragança) (September 19, 1853 – October 11, 1927) was the Miguelist claimant to the throne of Portugal from 1866 to 1920. He used the title Duke of Braganza.
Miguel was born in Kleinheubach Castle near Miltenberg, Kingdom of Bavaria, during the exile in Germany of his father, former King Miguel I of Portugal. His mother was Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. He was a grandson of the Portuguese Queen Carlota Joaquina as well as John VI of Portugal.
By the Portuguese law of banishment of 1834 and the constitution of 1838 Miguel was forbidden to enter Portugal. Therefore, he was educated in Germany and Austria. He was a member of the staff of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria and took part in the occupation of Bosnia. It is said that the emperor Franz Joseph liked Miguel immensely and granted him the privilege of extraterritoriality that allowed him to remain Portuguese, despite the rejection of Portugal. His second son, Prince Francisco José of Braganza, was named after the Austrian Emperor, who was his godfather.
Miguel held the rank of a colonel in the 7th Austrian Regiment of Hussars. During World War I, he held the rank of Lieutenant General (Feldmarschalleutnant) in the Austrian army. He resigned in 1917 when Portugal entered the conflict on the opposite side, and spent the rest of the war as a civilian in the Order of Malta. After the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Miguel and his family were thrown into relative poverty.
On 31 July 1920, after quarrels with his eldest son (who contracted a controversial marriage to an American heiress), Miguel renounced his claims as king of Portugal in favour of his third son, Duarte Nuno, who was 13 years old at the time.
Miguel died in Seebenstein, on October 11, 1927. He is buried at Kloster Maria Himmelfahrt in Bronnbach.
Marriages and children
Miguel's first marriage, with Austrian Empress Elisabeth's niece Princess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis (May 28, 1860 – February 7, 1881) took place on October 17, 1877 in Regensburg. They had three children.
Dom Miguel, Duke of Viseu (1878–1923), married Anita Stewart and had issue
Dom Francis Joseph of Braganza (1879–1919), died unmarried and without issue
Dona Maria Teresa of Braganza (1881–1945) married Prince Karl Ludwig of Thurn und Taxis and had issue
After the death of his first wife he married for a second time on 8 November 1893 at Kleinheubach with Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1870–1935), his first cousin. They had eight children.
Dona Isabel Maria of Braganza (1894–1970), married Franz Joseph, 9th Prince of Thurn and Taxis and had issue
Dona Maria Benedita of Braganza (1896–1971), died unmarried and without issue
Dona Mafalda of Braganza (1898–1918), died unmarried and without issue
Dona Maria Anna of Braganza (1899–1971), married the future Karl August, 10th Prince of Thurn and Taxis and had issue
Dona Maria Antónia of Braganza (1903–1973), married Sidney Ashley Chanler (son of William Astor Chanler) and had issue
Dona Filippa Maria of Braganza (1905–1990), died unmarried and without issue
Dom Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza (1907–1976), married Princess Maria Francisca of Orléans-Braganza and had issue
Dona Maria Adelaide of Braganza (1912–2012), married in Vienna on November 13, 1945 Dutch Nicolaas Johannes Maria van Uden (Venlo, March 5, 1921 – Lisbon, February 5, 1991), a Medical Doctor, son of Adrian van Uden (Gerwen, May 7, 1893 – December 24, 1959) and wife Cornelia Antonia Baaijeens (Gorinchem, September 7, 1897 – June 15, 1979), daughter of Nicolaas Baaijeens and wife Helena Dam, and had issue.
Grand Master of the Order of Saint Michael of the Wing
Knight of the Bavarian Order of St. Hubert
Knight of the Austrian Order of the Golden Fleece.
Ancestors of Miguel, Duke of Braganza
16. John V of Portugal
8. Peter III of Portugal
17. Maria Anna of Austria
4. John VI of Portugal
18. Joseph I of Portugal
9. Maria I of Portugal
19. Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain
2. Miguel I of Portugal
20. Charles III of Spain
10. Charles IV of Spain
21. Maria Amalia of Saxony
5. Carlota Joaquina of Spain
22. Philip, Duke of Parma
11. Maria Luisa of Parma
23. Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France
1. Miguel II, Duke of Braganza
24. Dominic Constantine, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort
12. Charles Thomas, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
25. Princess Maria Leopoldina of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein
6. Constantine, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
26. Joseph Nicholas, Count of Windisch-Graetz
13. Countess Sophie of Windisch-Graetz
27. Princess Leopoldine of Arenberg
3. Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
28. Christian Albert, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg