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Max-Martin Teichert

German World War II U-boat commander
The basics
About
Occupation Korvettenkapitän Submariner
Country Germany
Date of birth Kiel
Date of death May 12, 1943 Atlantic Ocean
Authority VIAF id
The details
Biography

Max-Martin Teichert (31 January 1915 in Kiel – 12 May 1943 in the North Atlantic) was a German U-boat commander in World War II and posthumous recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Career

Edinburgh's wrecked stern after being struck by a torpedo on 30 April 1942

Teichert joined the Kriegsmarine in April 1934. He first served on the torpedo boat Iltis, and then the destroyer Z14 Friedrich Ihn. In June 1940 he transferred to the U-boat force, and served as 1.WO (second-in-command) to Herbert Kuppisch aboard the Type VIIC U-boat U-94 for two patrols.

In September 1941 he commissioned U-456 and completed nine patrols in the Arctic Sea during 1942. He sank three ships, including the naval trawler HMS Sulla, a staggler of Convoy PQ 13, and seriously damaged the British Town class light cruiser HMS Edinburgh, which was sunk some days later. In December 1942 U-456 was transferred to 1st U-boat Flotilla, and operated in the northern Atlantic, sinking another four merchant vessels.

Teichert died on 12 May 1943, during his 11th patrol, when U-456 was lost with all hands in the North Atlantic, in position 46°39′N 26°54′W / 46.650°N 26.900°W / 46.650; -26.900. The U-boat surfaced after being hit by a Fido homing torpedo dropped by a British Liberator aircraft from No. 86 Squadron RAF. When the O-class destroyer HMS Opportune arrived the U-boat dived, but almost certainly immediately sank to the ocean floor.

Summary of career

Ships attacked

Max-Martin Teichert as commander of U-456 sank six merchant ships totalling 31,528 GRT, damaged another of 6,421 GRT, and also engaged and damaged the 11,500 GRT Town class light cruiser HMS Edinburgh.

Date Ship Nationality Tons Fate
30 March 1942 Effingham  United Kingdom 6,421 Damaged
30 April 1942 HMS Edinburgh  Royal Navy 11,500 Damaged
5 July 1942 Honomu  United States 6,977 Sunk
22 August 1942 Chaika  Soviet Union 80 Sunk
2 February 1943 Jeremiah Van Rensselaer  United States 7,177 Sunk
3 February 1943 Inverilen  United Kingdom 9,456 Sunk
23 February 1943 Kyleclare  Ireland 700 Sunk
11 May 1943 Fort Concord  United Kingdom 7,138 Sunk

Awards

  • Wehrmacht Long Service Award (1 April 1938)
  • Iron Cross (1939)
    • 2nd Class (15 December 1939)
    • 1st Class (7 June 1941)
  • Destroyer War Badge (19 October 1940)
  • U-boat War Badge (1939) (7 June 1941)
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 19 December 1943 (posthumous) as Kapitänleutnant and commander of U-456
  • Mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht on 4 May 1942
  • ^ Busch & Röll 2003, p. 413.
  • Scherzer 2007, p. 738.
  • Fellgiebel 2000, p. 419.
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