Matilda II, Countess of Nevers (1234/35–1262), also known as Maud of Dampierre or Mathilda II of Bourbon, was a sovereign Countess of Nevers, Countess of Auxerre, Countess of Tonnerre and Lady of Bourbon.
She was a daughter of Archambaud IX of Bourbon and Yolande de Châtillon, Countess of Nevers. As heiress to the counties of Nevers, Auxerre and Tonnerre, she was married off to Odo, Count of Nevers, the son and heir of Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy. By this marriage Odo reunited two important areas that had previously been united as the Duchy of Burgundy, but he died leaving no male heirs, and so the united territory passed to his brother Robert II, Duke of Burgundy. After her father's death Matilda also became Lady of Bourbon.
With Odo she had three children:
Yolande of Burgundy (1247-1280), Countess of Nevers.
Margaret of Burgundy (1249-1308), Countess of Tonnerre; in 1268 married Charles of Anjou.
Adelaide of Auxerre (1254-1290), Countess of Auxerre; in 1268 married John, Lord of Chalon (died 1309).