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Marie of Blois, Duchess of Anjou

Medieval French noblewoman
The basics
About
Occupation Monarch
Date of birth
Date of death Nov 12, 1404
Family
Mother: Joan Duchess of Brittany
Father: Charles I Duke of Brittany
Spouse: Louis I Duke of Anjou
Children: Mary of Anjou Louis II of Naples Charles of Anjou
Authority VIAF id
The details
Biography

Marie of Blois (1345-1404) was a daughter of Joanna, Duchess of Brittany and Charles, Duke of Brittany. Through marriage to Louis I, Duke of Anjou, she became Duchess of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duchess of Touraine, titular Queen of Naples and Jerusalem and Countess of Provence.

Biography

Marie married Louis I, son of John II of France, in 1360. Throughout their marriage his official titles increased, though he would never actually rule the Kingdom of Naples. After his death in 1384, most of the towns in Provence revolted against her son, Louis II. Marie pawned her valuables and raised an army.

She, her young son and the army went from town to town to gain support. In 1387 Louis II was formally recognized as Count in Aix-en-Provence. She then appealed to Charles VI of France to support her son in obtaining Naples. In 1390, Louis, supported by the pope and the French, set sail for Naples. Marie negotiated for a marriage between Louis and Yolande of Aragon, to prevent the Aragonese from obstructing him there.

They finally wed in 1400. Marie was an able administrator and on her deathbed revealed to Louis that she had saved the amount of 200,000 écus. This to make sure that she would be able to pay his ransom in case he would be captured.

Issue

With Louis I she had the following children:

  • Marie (1370 – after 1383)
  • Louis II of Anjou (1377 – 1417)
  • Charles (1380 – 1404, Angers), Prince of Taranto, Count of Roucy, Étampes, and Gien

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