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Lucrezia de' Medici, Duchess of Ferrara

Duchess of ferrara
The basics
Date of birth Florence, Province of Florence, Tuscany, Italy
Date of death Apr 21, 1561 Ferrara, Province of Ferrara, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Sister(s): Virginia de' Medici Maria de' Medici Bia de' Medici Isabella de' Medici
Brother(s): Garzia de' Medici Pietro de' Medici Don Giovanni de' Medici Giovanni de' Medici Ferdinando I de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany Francesco I de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany Pedricco de' Medici
Spouse: Alfonso II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara
Father: Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Mother: Eleanor of Toledo
The details

Lucrezia de' Medici (14 February 1545 – 21 April 1561) was Duchess consort of Ferrara by marriage to Alfonso II d'Este. She was the daughter of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Eleanor of Toledo.


Born in Florence, she was the first wife of Alfonso II d'Este, Duke of Modena and Ferrara, whom she married on 3 July 1558. She did not move to Ferrara until February 1560, for her husband Alfonso was fighting in France. Lucrezia died in 1561, probably from tuberculosis. For about a month her symptoms had been fever, severe weight loss, constant coughing and a permanently bleeding nose. Another possible cause of death, that is often speculated, is poisoning.


It is possible that she is the wife referred to in the poem "My Last Duchess" by Robert Browning.


References and notes

Lucrezia de' Medici, Duchess of Ferrara
House of Medici
Born: 14 February 1545 Died: 21 April 1561
Royal titles
Preceded by
Renée of France
Duchess consort of Ferrara, Modena, and Reggio
3 October 1559 – 21 April 1561
Title next held by
Barbara of Austria
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