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Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

1577 - 1626
The basics
Date of birth Darmstadt, Darmstadt Government Region, Hesse, Germany
Date of death Jul 27, 1626 Rheinfels Castle, Sankt Goar, Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis, Rhineland-Palatinate
Children: Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt Juliana of Hesse-Darmstadt John of Hesse-Braubach Frederick of Hesse-Darmstadt Sophie Agnes of Hesse-Darmstadt Ludwig von Hörnigk Isabel Madalena de Hesse-Darmstadt
Father: George I, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Brother(s): Philip III Landgrave of Hesse-Butzbach Frederick I Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
Spouse: Magdalene of Brandenburg
Mother: Magdalene of Lippe
Sister(s): Ana de Hesse-Darmstadt
Authority ISNI id VIAF id
The details

Louis V of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: Ludwig; 24 September 1577 – 27 July 1626) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1596 to 1626.

He was born on 24 September 1577 as the son of George I, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Magdalene of Lippe.

In 1604 he inherited a part of Hessen-Marburg after the death of Louis IV of Hesse-Marburg who was childless. The other half went to Maurice of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), but since Maurice was a Calvinist, Ludwig claimed a right on the whole of Hesse-Marburg. Lutheran professors of the University of Marburg who refused to convert to Calvinism founded in 1607 the University of Gießen which was named Ludoviciana.

This led to a conflict during the Thirty Years' War, between Louis V, who stood on the side of the Emperor, and Maurice, who was on the side of the Protestants. Hesse-Darmstadt suffered severely from the ravages from the Swedes during the conflict.

The Landgrave died in 1626 and he was succeeded by George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt.

In 1722, Johann Georg Liebknecht, an astronomer at the University of Gießen, named a star, which he thought was a planet, Sidus Ludoviciana after Ludwig V.


He married Magdalena von Brandenburg and had issue:

  • Elisabeth Magdalene, Duchess of Württemberg-Montbéliard; 23 April 1600 (Darmstadt) – 9 June 1624 (Montbéliard), married Louis Frederick, Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard.
  • Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt; 30 July 1601 – 6 May 1659.
  • Sofie Agnes of Hesse-Darmstadt; 12 January 1604 (Darmstadt) – 8 September 1664 (Hilpoltstein).
  • George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt; 17 March 1605 – 11 June 1661.
  • Juliane of Hesse-Darmstadt; 14 April 1606 (Darmstadt) – 15 January 1659 (Hanover).
  • Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt; 20 June 1607 – 11 September 1627.
  • John of Hesse-Braubach; 17 June 1609 (Darmstadt), – 1 April 1651 (Ems).
  • Henry of Hesse-Darmstadt; 1 April 1612 (Darmstadt) – 21 October 1629.
  • Hedwig of Hesse-Darmstadt; 22 June 1613 Darmstadt – 2 March 1614.
  • Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt; 12 September 1614 (Darmstadt) – 16 September 1614.
  • Frederick of Hesse-Darmstadt; 28 February 1616 (Darmstadt) – 19 February 1682.


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