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Louis Pierre Aimé Chastel

French officer
The basics
About
Occupation Officer Military personnel
Country France
Date of birth Veigy-Foncenex
Date of death Oct 18, 1826 Ferney-Voltaire
Awards Names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe, Commander of the Legion of Honour
The details
Biography

Louis Pierre Aimé Chastel (29 April 1774, Veigy, near Carouge, Savoy - 26 September 1826, Geneva) was a French officer in the Napoleonic Wars, who rose to lieutenant general of cavalry.

Early career

Chastel first joined up in 1792, in the légion des Allobroges, under Jacques François Dugommier, was then transferred to the armée des Pyrénées and saw service in Italy. He took part in Bonaparte campaign in Egypt, where he discovered the Dendera Zodiac.

Austerlitz

He was made major en second (Lieutenant Colonel) of the mounted grenadiers of the Imperial Guard, in 1803, following Austerlitz, where his bravery got him recognised by Napoleon.

Peninsular War

He then fought in Spain during the Peninsular War, including Burgos, becoming an officer of the Légion d'honneur in November 1808.

Russian Campaign

In 1812 he was summoned to join the French invasion of Russia where he led the 3rd Light Cavalry Division in the III Cavalry Corps. His bravery at Borodino gained him a mention in dispatches in the June 1815 bulletin during the Hundred Days.

Hundred Days

During the return of Napoleon to power, Chastel served as commanding officer of 10th Cavalry Division together with Major General Jean Baptiste Alexandre Strolz' 9th Cavalry Division in General Exelman's II Corps of the armée du Nord.

Battle of Ligny

On 16 June, Exelman's II, Cavalry Corps held the right flank in Napoleon's last victory. Recognizing the position of 20,000 Prussians at Gembloux, Exelman's cavalry commanders Strolz and Chastel, heavily outnumbered were unable to interfere with the Prussian retreat on 17 June, having only 3,000 cavalry under their command.

Waterloo

During the battle of Waterloo, Chastel's 10th Cavalry Division fought at Wavre holding the extreme right flank on the east bank of the Dyle River while Strolz watched the far left flank on the west bank.

Rocquencourt and Le Chesnay

On 1 July 1815, Napoleon's Grande Armée fought its last battle in Rocquencourt and Le Chesnay, when Strolz' 2nd Cavalry Division, their rear covered by Chastel, together with three battalions of the 44th Line Infantry Regiment, and a half battalion of the Sèvres National Guard hunted down Oberstleutnant Eston von Sohr's Prussian cavalry brigade, wrecking the 3rd Brandenburg and 5th Pommeranian Hussar Regiments.

Distinctions

  • Chevalier de la Légion d' Honneur. (1803)
  • Officier de la Légion d' Honneur. (1808)
  • Chastel's name is engraved on the Arc de Triomphe.

The contents of this page are sourced from a Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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