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Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse

Landgrave of Lower Hesse
The basics
Occupation Count Politician
Country Germany
Date of birth
Date of death Nov 08, 1471 Hessisch Lichtenau, Werra-Meißner-Kreis, Kassel Government Region, Hesse
Father: Louis I Landgrave of Hesse
Mother: Anna of Saxony Landgravine of Hesse
Brother(s): Hermann IV of Hesse Henry III Landgrave of Upper Hesse
Children: William I Landgrave of Lower Hesse William II Landgrave of Hesse
Authority VIAF id
The details

Louis II of Hesse (German: Ludwig) (7 September 1438 – 8 November 1471), called Louis the Frank, was the Landgrave of Lower Hesse from 1458 - 1471.

He was the son of Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse and Anna of Saxony. He married Mechthild, daughter of Ludwig I, Count of Württemberg-Urach in 1454. Their children were:

  • Anna [1455-1459]
  • Elisabeth (died young)
  • William I, Landgrave of Hesse (1466–1515)
  • William II, Landgrave of Hesse (1469–1509)

He also had seven (known) illegitimate children by his mistress, Margarethe von Holzheim (born about 1443 - died after 1515):

  • Anna of Hesse (born about 1460, married Heinz Missener, 23 May 1484)
  • Margarethe of Hesse (born about 1460, died 1524, married Heinrich Furster, mayor of Marburg, 5 February 1486)
  • Johannes of Hessen (born about 1460, murdered 11 March 1531, married Gertrude ______)
  • Wilhelm of Hessen (born about 1470, died 1550 in Melsungen)
  • Luckel Lambrechts (born before 1471)
  • Wilhelm of Hessen
  • Ernst of Natega
  • Friedrich of Hessen

The Landgraviate of Hesse had been divided by his father Louis I between Louis II and his brother Henry III into Hesse-Kassel (Lower Hesse) and Hesse-Marburg (Upper Hesse). The brothers fought about the exact demarcation of the realm until May 1470.


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