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Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria

German ophthalmologist
The basics
About
Occupation Ophthalmologist Physician
Country Germany
Date of birth Possenhofen
Date of death 1910 Kreuth
Family
Mother: Princess Ludovika of Bavaria
Brother(s): Duke Ludwig Wilhelm in Bavaria Duke Maximilian Emanuel in Bavaria
Children: Elisabeth of Bavaria Queen of Belgium Duchess Amalie in Bavaria Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria Duke Ludwig Wilhelm in Bavaria Duke Franz Joseph in Bavaria Duchess Sophie Adelheid in Bavaria
Sister(s): Duchess Helene in Bavaria Duchess Mathilde Ludovika in Bavaria Duchess Sophie Charlotte in Bavaria Elisabeth of Bavaria Maria Sophie of Bavaria
Spouse: Princess Sophie of Saxony Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal
Father: Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria
Education Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
Authority VIAF id
The details
Biography

Duke Karl-Theodor in Bavaria (9 August 1839 – 30 November 1909) was a member of the House of Wittelsbach and a professional oculist. He was the brother of the Empress Elisabeth of Austria, and father of Queen Elisabeth of the Belgians .

Life

Karl-Theodor was born at Possenhofen Castle, the third son of Duke Maximilian in Bavaria and of his wife, Princess Ludovika of Bavaria.

At the age of fourteen Karl-Theodor joined the Bavarian Army. In 1866 he fought in the Austro-Prussian War. When he left active duty, he became a student at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, where he studied philosophy, law, economics, and medicine. Among his teachers were the chemist Justus von Liebig, the pathologist Ludwig von Buhl, and the physicist Philipp von Jolly.

In 1870 Karl-Theodor's studies were interrupted by the Franco-Prussian War in which he served as a proprietary colonel of the 3rd Bavarian Light Horse. After the war he returned to his studies. In 1872 he was named an honorary Doctor of Medicine by the Ludwig Maximilians University; the following year he completed the requirements for the degree. Then he studied ophthalmology under Professor Deutschland and continued his education under Professor Arlt in Vienna and Professor Horner in Zürich.

In 1877 Karl-Theodor began practicing medicine in Mentone on the Côte d'Azur, often assisted by his wife Maria Josepha. In 1880 he opened an eye-clinic in his castle at Tegernsee. In 1895 he founded the Augenklinik Herzog Carl Theodor (English: Duke Charles Theodore Eye Clinic) in Munich; the clinic in the Nymphenburger Strasse remains one of the most respected eye clinics in Bavaria to the present day. Between 1895 and 1909 Carl Theodor personally carried out more than 5,000 cataract operations as well as treating countless other eye disorders.

Honours

Karl-Theodor received a number of honours:

  • honorary doctor of the University of Louvain.
  • honorary colonel of the 5th Regiment of Prussian Dragoons.
  • honorary member of the Academy of Medical Sciences in Brussels.
  • knight of the Order of Saint Hubert.
  • knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece (1862).
  • knight of the Order of the Black Eagle.

Karl-Theodor died at Kreuth in 1909. He is buried in the family crypt in Schloss Tegernsee.

Karl-Theodor and his second wife, Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal, 1890

Marriages and family

On 11 February 1865, at Dresden, Karl-Theodor married his first cousin Princess Sophie of Saxony (1845–1867), daughter of King John of Saxony and his maternal aunt Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria. They had one child:

  • Duchess Amalie in Bavaria (1865–1912); married Wilhelm, Duke of Urach.

On 29 April 1874, at Kleinheubach, Karl-Theodor married Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal (1857–1943), daughter of exiled King Miguel I of Portugal and Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. They had five children:

  • Duchess Sophie Adelheid in Bavaria (1875–1957); married Count Hans Veit zu Törring-Jettenbach; their son married Princess Elizabeth of Greece and Denmark.
  • Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria (1876–1965); married King Albert I of Belgium.
  • Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria (1878–1912), married Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria.
  • Duke Ludwig Wilhelm in Bavaria (1884–1968), married Princess Eleonore zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg.
  • Duke Franz Joseph in Bavaria (1888–1912)

Ancestry

Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria, with his sister Elisabeth at 11 years old, and their dog "Bummerl" at Possenhofen Castle
The contents of this page are sourced from a Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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