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John Strange Spencer-Churchill

South African military officer
The basics
About
Occupation Cinematographer
Country United Kingdom
Date of birth Dublin
Date of death Feb 23, 1947 Woodstock
Family
Children: John Spencer-Churchill Clarissa Eden Countess of Avon
Father: Lord Randolph Churchill
Mother: Lady Randolph Churchill
Education Harrow School
Authority Library of congress id VIAF id
The details
Biography

Major John Strange "Jack" Spencer-Churchill, DSO, TD (4 February 1880 – 23 February 1947) was the younger son of Lord Randolph Churchill and his wife Jennie, and the brother of former Prime Minister of United Kingdom Sir Winston Churchill.

Early life and marriage

John (left), then 9, with mother Jennie and elder brother Winston, Prime minister during WWII.

He was born at Phoenix Park, Dublin, Ireland, where Lord Randolph was secretary to his grandfather, the 7th Duke of Marlborough, then Viceroy of Ireland. John was educated at Harrow School in England. Jennie's sisters believed that John's actual biological father was Evelyn Boscawen.

He married, in Oxford on 8 August 1908, Lady Gwendoline Theresa Mary Bertie (20 November 1885 – 7 July 1941), the daughter of Montagu Bertie, 7th Earl of Abingdon and Gwendoline Mary Dormer. Lady Gwendoline had been raised as a Roman Catholic.

Military career

John Strange Spencer-Churchill's grave at St Martin's Church, Bladon.

He was commissioned into the Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars in 1898. He served in the South African Light Horse alongside his war correspondent brother in the Second Boer War in 1899–1900. He was Mentioned in Dispatches, and was shot through the leg in February 1900, during the Battle of the Tugela Heights, part of the campaign for the relief of Ladysmith.

He fought in World War I, where he was again Mentioned in Dispatches. He served on the staff of Field Marshal Lord French, General Sir Ian Hamilton (serving as Naval Liaison Officer for the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force) and Field Marshal Lord Birdwood (serving as Camp Commandant, 1st Anzac Corps, and then as Assistant Military Secretary at the headquarters of the Fifth Army).

He reached the rank of Major and was awarded the French decorations of the Croix de guerre and the Légion d'honneur and the British Distinguished Service Order in 1918. After the war, he became a businessman in the City of London.

During World War II, the widowed John lost his house during the Blitz and he lived in 10 Downing Street. He lived in either No 10 (where he used the bedrooms on the top floor formerly used by Churchill and his wife) or the No 10 Annex.

Death

He died on 23 February 1947, aged 67, of heart disease and is buried near his parents and brother (who outlived him for 18 years, despite being older in age) at St Martin's Church, Bladon, near Woodstock, Oxfordshire.

Children

John and his wife had three children:

  • John George Spencer-Churchill (31 May 1909 –1992)
  • Henry Winston Peregrine Spencer-Churchill (25 May 1913 – 19 March 2002)
  • Anne Clarissa Churchill, Countess of Avon (born 28 June 1920), the widow of the former prime minister Anthony Eden

The contents of this page are sourced from a Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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