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John II, Duke of Cleves

Duke of Cleves
The basics
Date of birth Kleve, Kreis Kleve, Düsseldorf Government Region, North Rhine-Westphalia
Date of death Mar 15, 1521
Mother: Elizabeth of Nevers
Father: John I Duke of Cleves
Spouse: Mathilde of Hesse
Brother(s): Engelbert Count of Nevers Philip of Cleves
Children: John III Duke of Cleves
Authority VIAF id
The details

John II, "The Babymaker", Duke of Cleves, Count of Mark, (German: Johann II. "der Kindermacher", Herzog von Kleve, Graf von Mark) (13 April 1458 – 15 March 1521) was a son of John I, Duke of Cleves and Elizabeth of Nevers. He ruled Cleves from 1481 to his death in 1521. He was called "The Babymaker" since he fathered sixty-three illegitimate children before his marriage with Mathilde of Hesse in 1490. She was the daughter of Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse and his wife Anna of Katzenelnbogen.

They had three children :

  • John III (1490–1539), his successor
  • Anna (1495–1567), married in 1518 with count Philip III of Waldeck-Eisenberg
  • Adolf (1498–1525), appointed by his father's cousin Philip of Cleves, Lord of Ravenstein and Wijnendale, as his successor, but died before Philip (1528)


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