János Kollár (born June 7, 1956) is a Hungarian mathematician, specializing in algebraic geometry.
Kollár began his studies at the Eötvös University in Budapest and later received his PhD at Brandeis University in 1984 under the direction of Teruhisa Matsusaka with a thesis on canonical threefolds. He was Junior Fellow at Harvard from 1984 to 1987 and Professor at the University of Utah from 1987 until 1999. Currently, he is professor at Princeton University.
Kollár is known for his contributions to the minimal model program for threefolds and hence the compactification of moduli of algebraic surfaces, for pioneering the notion of rational connectedness (i.e. extending the theory of rationally connected varieties for varieties over the complex field to varieties over local fields), and finding counterexamples to a conjecture of John Nash. (In 1952 Nash conjectured a converse to a famous theorem he proved, and Kollár was able to provide many 3-dimensional counterexamples from an important new structure theory for a class of 3-dimensional algebraic varieties.)
Kollár also gave the first algebraic proof of effective Nullstellensatz: let f1,...,fm be polynomials of degree at most d≥3 in n≥2 variables; if they have no common zero, then g1f1+...+gmfm=1 has a solution such that each gj has degree at most d n- d.
Awards and honors
Kollár is a member of the National Academy of Sciences since 2005 and received the Cole Prize in 2006. He is an external member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences since 1995. In 2012 he became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society. In 2016 he became a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
In 1990 he was an invited speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Kyōto. In 1996 he gave one of the plenary addresses at the European Mathematical Congress in Budapest (Low degree polynomial equations: arithmetic, geometry and topology). He was also selected as a plenary speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians to be held in 2014 in Seoul.
As a high school student, Kollár represented Hungary and won Gold medals at both the 1973 and 1974 International Mathematics Olympiads.
- Shafarevich Maps and Automorphic Forms. Princeton University Press, 1995.
- Rational Curves on Algebraic Varieties. Springer-Verlag 2001, Ergebnisse der Mathematik, ISBN 3540601686.
- with Shigefumi Mori: Birational Geometry of Algebraic Varieties. Cambridge Tracts in Mathematics, Cambridge University Press, 1998, ISBN 0521632773 (Japanese by Iwanami Shoten).
- Lectures on Resolution of Singularities. Princeton University Press 2007.
- Singularities of the Minimal Model Program (with contributions by Sándor Kovács). Cambridge Tracts in Mathematics, Cambridge University Press 2013.
- Reid, Miles (2000). "Review: Rational curves on algebraic varieties, by János Kollár" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.). 38 (1): 109–115. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-00-00889-2.
- Kawamata, Yujiro (2001). "Review: Birational geometry of algebraic varieties, by János Kollár and Shigefumi Mori" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.). 38 (2): 267–272. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-01-00910-7.
- Abramovich, Dan. "Review: Resolution of singularities by Steven Dale Cutkovsky and Lectures on resolution of singularities by János Kollár" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.). 48 (1): 115–122. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-10-01301-7.