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Horst von Schroeter

Horst von Schroeter

German World War II U-boat commander
The basics
About
Occupations Korvettenkapitän Submariner
Countries Germany
Gender male
Birth June 10, 1919 (Bieberstein)
Death July 25, 2006 (Bonn)
Horst von Schroeter
The details
Biography

Horst von Schroeter (10 June 1919 – 25 July 2006) was a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. After World War II he joined the Bundesmarine of the Federal Republic of Germany and from 1976 to 1979 held the position of Commander of the NATO Naval forces in the Baltic Sea Approaches (COMNAVBALTAP).

Service history

Ships attacked

As commander of U-123 Horst von Schroeter is credited with the sinking of six merchant ships for a total of 31,557 gross register tons (GRT), a warship of 683 GRT, and damaging a ship of 7,068 GRT.

Date Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate
29 December 1942 Baron Cochrane  United Kingdom 3,385 Sunk
29 December 1942 Empire Shackleton  United Kingdom 7,068 Damaged
8 April 1943 Castillo Montealegre  Spain 3,972 Sunk
18 April 1943 Empire Bruce  United Kingdom 7,459 Sunk
18 April 1943 HMS P-615  Royal Navy 683 Sunk
29 April 1943 Nanking  Sweden 5,931 Sunk
5 May 1943 Holmbury  United Kingdom 4,566 Sunk
9 May 1943 Kanbe  United Kingdom 6,244 Sunk

Awards

  • Iron Cross (1939)
    • 2nd Class (25 August 1941)
    • 1st Class (10 February 1942)
  • U-boat War Badge (1939) (25 August 1941)
  • U-boat Front Clasp in Silver (15 March 1945)
  • German Cross in Gold (12 December 1943)
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 1 June 1944 as Oberleutnant zur See and commander of U-123
  • Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (4 September 1971)
  • El misterio del 'Castillo Montealegre', 4 March 2013, XLSemanal, Arturo Pérez-Reverte. A syndicated column from the point of view of a nephew of a friend of a survivor.
  • ^ Busch & Röll 2003, p. 450.
  • ^ Busch & Röll 2003, p. 451.
  • Scherzer 2007, p. 685.
  • Fellgiebel 2000, p. 389.

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