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Henry, Duke of Brunswick-Dannenberg

Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg
The basics
About
Date of birth
Date of death 1598
Family
Children: Julius Ernst, Duke of Brunswick-Dannenberg Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Father: Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Brother(s): William the Younger Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg Francis Otto Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Spouse: Ursula of Saxe-Lauenburg
Mother: Sophie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Sister(s): Elisabeth Ursula von Braunschweig-Lüneburg
Authority VIAF id
The details
Biography

Henry III (1533 – 19 January 1598), a member of the House of Welf, was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruling Prince of Lüneburg from 1559 until 1569, jointly with his brother William the Younger. From 1569, he ruled over the Lordship of Dannenberg until his death.

He was the second surviving son of Duke Ernest I of Brunswick-Lüneburg and assumed the rule in the Principality of Lüneburg upon the early death of his elder brother Francis Otto in 1559. He and his younger brother William fell out with each other in 1569, when Henry married the Ascanian princess Ursula of Saxe-Lauenburg (1545–1620), daughter of Duke Francis I, and demanded the partition of the Lüneburg lands.

He eventually waived his claims to the Lüneburg principality and received Dannenberg as a paréage as well as an annual payment in compensation. He also ensured that his descendants were entitled to inherit the Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel estates upon the extinction of the line; therefore, his youngest son Augustus could assume the rule in Wolfenbüttel in 1635.

Henry died in Dannenberg.

Marriage and children who reached adulthood

In 1569 Henry married Ursula of Saxe-Lauenburg (*1545 – 22 October 1620*, Schernebeck), daughter of Francis I of Saxe-Lauenburg. They had the following children:

  • Julius Ernest (1571–1636)
  • Francis (1572–1601)
  • Sybil Elizabeth (1576–1630), married Anthony II, Count of Delmenhorst
  • Sidonia (1577–1645)
  • Augustus (1579–1666)
Henry, Duke of Brunswick-Dannenberg
House of Welf
Born: 4 June 1533 Died: 19 January 1598
German nobility
Preceded by
Francis Otto
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Lüneburg

1559–1569
Succeeded by
William the Younger

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