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Henry, Duke of Anhalt-Köthen

Henry, Duke of Anhalt-Köthen

Duke of anhalt-köthen
The basics
About
Date of birth Pszczyna, Gmina Pszczyna, Pszczyna County, Silesian Voivodeship
Date of death Nov 23, 1847 Köthen, Anhalt-Bitterfeld, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
Family
Father: Frederick Erdmann, Prince of Anhalt-Pless
Brother(s): Frederick Ferdinand Duke of Anhalt-Köthen Louis Prince of Anhalt-Pless
Sister(s): Anna Emilie von Anhalt-Köthen-Pleß
Awards Order of the Black Eagle, Order of St. Andrew
Authority VIAF id
The details
Biography

Henry of Anhalt-Köthen (30 July 1778, Schloss Pless – 23 November 1847, Köthen) was a German prince of the House of Ascania, ruler of the non-sovereign principality of Anhalt-Pless and the last ruler of the duchy of Anhalt-Köthen.

Life

He was the fourth (but third surviving) son of Frederick Erdmann, Prince of Anhalt-Pless, by his wife, Louise Ferdinande, daughter of Henry Ernest, Count of Stolberg-Wernigerode.

In 1796, he joined the Prussian army. During the campaign of 1806, he attained the rank of major. Before his retirement from active service, Henry was elevated to the rank of Generalmajor.

After his elder brother Frederick Ferdinand inherited Anhalt-Köthen in 1818, Henry assumed the government over the state country of Pless. When Frederick Ferdinand died in 1830, Henry succeeded him in Köthen, whereas he left Pless to his younger brother Louis, who died in 1841 without heirs. Henry reassumed his rulership over Pless until his death.

In Trebschen on 18 May 1819 Henry married Auguste Fredericka Espérance (3 August 1794, Brunswick – 13 July 1855, Köthen), daughter of Henry XLIV, Prince Reuss of Köstritz, and sister of Prince Henry LXIII. The union was childless.

Since his youth, Henry was a strong advocate of homeopathy. In 1821 he took under his protection its creator, Samuel Hahnemann, who remained with his large family in Köthen for the next fourteen years as Henry's personal physician.

In 1830 Henry was made a knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. From 1841, he resumed service in the Prussian army, and by the time of his death, he was a General of Infantry.

With him, the line of Anhalt-Köthen became extinct. On his death, the duchy was inherited by his kinsmen Alexander Karl of Anhalt-Bernburg and Leopold IV of Anhalt-Dessau, however Alexander renounced his rights over Köthen on behalf of Leopold IV, since it was clear that his eventual assumption of all the Anhalt lands was inevitable.

The principality of Pless, governed by Semi-Salic Law, passed to Henry's nephew Hans Henry X, Count of Hochberg-Fürstenstein (corresponding article in the German), son of his sister Anna Emilie, who was the only one of his siblings who had children.

Henry of Anhalt-Köthen
House of Ascania
Born: 30 July 1778 in Pless Died: 23 November 1847 in Köthen
Preceded by
Frederick Ferdinand
Prince of Anhalt-Pless
as mediatised non sovereign incumbent
1818–1830
Succeeded by
Louis
Preceded by
Louis
Prince of Anhalt-Pless
as mediatised non sovereign incumbent
1841–1847
Succeeded by
Hans Henry X
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Frederick Ferdinand
Duke of Anhalt-Köthen
1830–1847
Succeeded by
Leopold IV
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