Henriette Schrader-Breymann (1827–1899) was a German woman who was influential in early childhood education. Her mother was a cousin of Friedrich Fröbel, and she herself was a student of his. In 1870 she coined the concept of "intellectual motherhood" to express that motherhood did not have to mean physically having children. She married Karl Schrader, a politician, in 1871. In 1882 she established the Pestalozzi-Fröbel Haus, where she trained the first Swedish kindergarten teachers. The Pestalozzi-Fröbel Haus was one of the first institutions in Germany which started to train early childhood teachers, as well as one of the first where women could get a professional training in Berlin. She emphasized "learning by doing", the kindergarten value of play, using nature as a theme and normal domestic tasks.