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Heinz-Otto Schultze

German world war ii u-boat commander
The basics
About
Occupation Korvettenkapitän Submariner
Country Germany
Date of birth Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Date of death Nov 25, 1943 Atlantic Ocean
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
The details
Biography

Heinz-Otto Schultze (13 September 1915 in Kiel – 25 November 1943 in the South Atlantic) was a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. He is credited with the sinking of 20 ships for a total of 67,991 gross register tons (GRT) plus damaging a further two ships for a total of 15,666 GRT.

Naval career

Heinz-Otto Schultze was the son of Otto Schultze, commander of U-63 during World War I and a recipient of the coveted Pour le Mérite and later Generaladmiral of the Kriegsmarine.

Schultze joined the Reichsmarine on 8 April 1934 as a member of Crew 1934 (the incoming class of 1934), where he received his basic military infantry training with the II. Schiff-Stamm-Abteilung der Ostsee (2nd department of the standing ship division) of the Baltic Sea in Stralsund. He was transferred to the school ship SSS Gorch Fock on 15 June 1934 for his onboard training. Here he was promoted to Seekadett (midshipman) on 26 September 1934. He then was transferred to the light cruiser Karlsruhe on 27 September 1934.

U-849 under attack by a B-24 Liberator on 25 November 1943.

He transferred to the U-boat service on 19 May 1937 and completed the U-boat school. Schultze was first posted on board of U-31 on 30 March 1938, initially serving as a second watch officer. He was made first watch officer on board of U-31 on 6 November 1938 and promoted to Oberleutnant zur See (sub-lieutenant) on 1 April 1939. He received command of his first U-boat, U-4, a school U-boat, on 8 June 1940.

Schultze was ordered to the Schichau-Werke, a shipyard in Danzig (now: Gdańsk, Poland), for construction familiarization of U-432. He commissioned U-432 on 26 April 1941. His first war patrol as a commander, his fifth of the war, lasted from 30 July until 19 September 1941 and resulted in the sinking of four ships totalling 10,774 GRT. Schultze surrendered command of U-432 on 16 January 1943, taking command of U-849 on 11 March 1943. His fifth patrol as a commander of U-432 targeted the East Coast of the United States of America. U-432 left La Pallice on 21 January 1942 and returned to La Pallice on 16 March 1942. During this patrol Schultze torpedoed and sank five ships for 25,107 GRT. After his return, Schultze was heavily criticized by the Befehlshaber der U-Boote (BdU) for the sinking of a Brazilian ship without warning. This attack was conducted against standing orders.

U-849 left Kiel on its first war patrol on 2 October 1943 and was sunk by depth charges from a US B-24 Liberator B-6 from Navy-Squadron VB-107 on 25 November that year in the South Atlantic west of the Congo estuary, in position 06°30′S 05°40′W / 6.500°S 5.667°W / -6.500; -5.667. Schultze and the entire crew of U-849 were killed in the sinking. This was Schultze's 12th patrol of the war.


Summary of career

Ships attacked

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate
10 September 1941 Muneric United Kingdom 5,229 Sunk
10 September 1941 Stargard Norway 1,113 Sunk
10 September 1941 Winterswijk Netherlands 3,205 Sunk
11 September 1941 Garm Sweden 1,231 Sunk
17 October 1941 Barfonn Norway 9,739 Sunk
17 October 1941 Bold Venture Panama 3,222 Sunk
17 October 1941 Evros Greece 5,283 Sunk
28 October 1941 Ulea United Kingdom 1,574 Sunk
15 February 1942 Buarque Brazil 5,172 Sunk
18 February 1942 Olinda Brazil 4,053 Sunk
19 February 1942 Miraflores United Kingdom 2,158 Sunk
21 February 1942 Azalea City United States 5,529 Sunk
27 February 1942 Marore United States 8,215 Sunk
17 May 1942 Foam United States 324 Sunk
23 May 1942 Zurichmoor United Kingdom 4,455 Sunk
31 May 1942 Liverpool Packet Canada 1,188 Sunk
3 June 1942 Aeolus United States 41 Sunk
3 June 1942 Ben and Josephine United States 102 Sunk
9 June 1942 Kronprinsen Norway 7,073 Damaged
9 June 1942 Malayan Prince United Kingdom 8,593 Damaged
24 September 1942 Pennmar United States 5,868 Sunk
17 December 1942 Poitou Free France 310 Sunk

Awards

  • Dienstauszeichnung 4th Class (1 September 1939)
  • Sudetenland Medal (16 September 1939)
  • Iron Cross (1939)
    • 2nd Class (2 October 1939)
    • 1st Class (23 September 1941)
  • U-boat War Badge (1939) (13 September 1939)
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 9 July 1942 as Kapitänleutnant and commander of U-432
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