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Hans Collani

SS officer
The basics
About
Date of birth Szczecin, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland
Date of death Jul 29, 1944 Narva, Ida-Viru County, Estonia
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, German Cross in Gold
Political party Nazi Party
The details
Biography

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded for a wide range of reasons and across all ranks, from a senior commander for skilled leadership of his troops in battle to a low-ranking soldier for a single act of extreme gallantry. A total of 7,321 awards were made between its first presentation on 30 September 1939 and its last bestowal on 17 June 1945. This number is based on the acceptance by the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR). Presentations were made to members of the three military branches of the Wehrmacht—the Heer (Army), Kriegsmarine (Navy) and Luftwaffe (Air Force)—as well as the Waffen-SS, the Reich Labour Service, and the Volkssturm (German national militia). There were also 43 foreign recipients of the award.

These recipients are listed in the 1986 edition of Walther-Peer Fellgiebel's book, Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945]. Fellgiebel was the former chairman and head of the order commission of the AKCR. In 1996, the second edition of this book was published with an addendum delisting 11 of these original recipients. Author Veit Scherzer has cast doubt on a further 193 of these listings. The majority of the disputed recipients had received the award in 1945, when the deteriorating situation of Germany during the final days of World War II left a number of nominations incomplete and pending in various stages of the approval process.

Listed here are the 82 Knight's Cross recipients of the Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS whose last name starts with "C". The recipients are initially ordered alphabetically by last name. The rank listed is the recipient's rank at the time the Knight's Cross was awarded.

Background

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grades were based on four separate enactments. The first enactment, Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of 1 September 1939 instituted the Iron Cross, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross. Article 2 of the enactment mandated that the award of a higher class be preceded by the award of all preceding classes. As the war progressed, some of the recipients of the Knight's Cross distinguished themselves further and a higher grade, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, was instituted. The Oak Leaves, as they were commonly referred to, were based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 849 of 3 June 1940. In 1941, two higher grades of the Knight's Cross were instituted. The enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 613 of 28 September 1941 introduced the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. At the end of 1944 the final grade, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds, based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11 of 29 December 1944, became the final variant of the Knight's Cross authorized.

Recipients

Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (C)
Service Number of presentations Posthumous presentations
Heer
51
3
Kriegsmarine
5
0
Luftwaffe
22
1
Waffen-SS
4
1

The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (Supreme Command of the Armed Forces) kept separate Knight's Cross lists for the Heer (Army), Kriegsmarine (Navy), Luftwaffe (Air Force) and Waffen-SS. Within each of these lists a unique sequential number was assigned to each recipient. The same numbering paradigm was applied to the higher grades of the Knight's Cross, one list per grade. Of the 82 awards made to servicemen whose last name starts with "C", ten were later awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and five presentations were made posthumously. Heer members received 51 of the medals, five went to the Kriegsmarine, 22 to the Luftwaffe, and four to the Waffen-SS.

This along with the + (plus) indicates that a higher grade of Knight's Cross was awarded as well.
This along with the * (asterisk) indicates that the Knight's Cross was awarded posthumously.

Name Service Rank Role and unit Date of award Notes Image
Werner Canders Heer 15-HMajor Commander of the III./Grenadier-Regiment 408 6 April 1944
Ulrich Freiherr von Canstein Heer 16-HOberstleutnant Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 220 12 February 1944
Kurt Capesius Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann Deputy Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Kampfgeschwader 66 30 November 1944
Wilhelm Cappel Heer 16-HOberstleutnant Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 424 23 February 1944
Horst Carganico Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant Staffelkapitän of the 6./Jagdgeschwader 5 25 September 1941
Otto Carius+ Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 2./schwere Panzer-Abteilung 502 4 May 1944 Awarded 535th Oak Leaves 27 July 1944 A man wearing a military uniform with an Iron Cross displayed at the front of his uniform collar.
Friedrich Carl Heer 13-HOberleutnant Leader of the 11./Artillerie-Regiment 269 9 May 1942
Rolf Carls Kriegsmarine 20-MAdmiral Marinegruppenbefehlshaber Ost (Naval Group Commander East) 14 June 1940
Alfredo Carpaneto Heer 06-HUnteroffizier Panzer commander in the 2./schwere Panzer-Abteilung 502 28 March 1945* Killed in action 26 January 1945
Carl Casper Heer 17-HOberst Commander of Infanterie-Regiment 118 (motorized) 22 September 1941
Prosper Graf zu Castell-Castell Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves Leader of the 9./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 14 23 February 1944
Horst Castka Heer 10-HOberwachtmeister Vorgeschobener Beobachter (Artillery observer) in the 11./Artillerie-Regiment 1562 11 March 1945
Albert Celerin Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant Pilot and observer in the Fernaufklärungs-Gruppe 4 10 October 1944
Wolfgang von Chamier-Glisczinski Luftwaffe 17-LOberst Geschwaderkommodore of Kampfgeschwader 3 6 October 1940
Friedrich-Wilhelm von Chappuis Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant Commander of the 15. Infanterie-Division 15 August 1940
Hans-Georg von Charpentier Waffen-SS 14-WSS-Hauptsturmführer Chief of the 3./SS-Reiter-Regiment 1 29 October 1942
A man wearing a military uniform and peaked cap. His cap has an emblem in shape of a human skull and crossed bones.
Hellmut von der Chevallerie Heer 18-HGeneralmajor Commander of the 13. Panzer-Division 30 April 1943
Kurt von der Chevallerie+ Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant Commander of the 99. leichte Division 23 October 1941 Awarded 357th Oak Leaves 19 December 1943
Botho von La Chevallerie Heer 15-HMajor Commander of the I./Infanterie-Regiment 408 24 July 1941
Kurt Chill Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant Commander of the 122. Infanterie-Division 25 October 1943
Max Chmel Heer 04-HObergefreiter Group leader in the 8./Grenadier-Regiment 200 (motorized) 18 November 1944
Dietrich von Choltitz Heer 16-HOberstleutnant Commander of the III./Infanterie-Regiment 16 (LL) 18 May 1940
A man wearing a peaked cap and military uniform with an Iron Cross displayed at the front of his uniform collar.
Otto Chowanetz Heer 09-HFeldwebel Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 1./Grenadier-Regiment 17 8 August 1943
Torsten Christ Luftwaffe 16-LOberstleutnant im Generalstab Chief of the general staff of the VIII. Fliegerkorps 21 October 1942
Kurt Christel Heer 14-HHauptmann Company chief in Bau-Bataillon 132 4 March 1942* Killed in action 3 March 1942
Fritz Christen Waffen-SS 03-WSS-Sturmmann Richtschütze (gunner) in the 2./SS-Panzer-Jagd-Abteilung 3 "Totenkopf" 20 October 1941
Hans Christern Heer 15-HMajor Commander of the II./Panzer-Regiment 31 31 January 1941
Georg Christiansen+ Kriegsmarine 13-MOberleutnant zur See Commander of Schnellboot S-101 in the 1. Schnellbootflottille 8 May 1941 Awarded 326th Oak Leaves 13 November 1943
Georg Christl Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Zerstörergeschwader 26 "Horst Wessel" 18 March 1942
Karl Christmann Luftwaffe 10-LOberfeldwebel Observer in the 6./Kampfgeschwader 53 "Legion Condor" 5 April 1944
Kurt Christofzik Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves Chief of the 6./Grenadier-Regiment 530 22 August 1943
Egon Christophersen Waffen-SS 06-WSS-Unterscharführer Group leader in the 7./SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 24 "Danmark" 11 July 1944
Bruno Chrobek Heer 15-HMajor Commander of I./Infanterie-Regiment 54 4 July 1940
Günter Chrzonsz Heer 10-HOberwachtmeister Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 2./Sturmgeschütz-Abteilung 277 12 November 1943
Walter Cierpka Heer 15-HMajor Commander of Heeres-Artillerie-Abteilung 774 5 April 1945
Otto Ciliax Kriegsmarine 19-MVizeadmiral Befehlshaber der Schlachtschiffe 21 March 1942
Oskar Cipa Heer 06-HUnteroffizier Group leader in the 1./Infanterie-Regiment 305 13 November 1942
Wilhelm Cirener Heer 13-HOberleutnant Chief of the 3./Pionier-Bataillon 33 13 July 1940
Paul Claas Luftwaffe 15-LMajor Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Kampfgeschwader 100 14 March 1943 Killed in action 20 June 1943
Richard Claassen Heer 16-HOberstleutnant Commander of Infanterie-Regiment 517 29 January 1943
Theo Claassen Heer 12-HLeutnant Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 14.(Panzerjäger)/Grenadier-Regiment 899 27 August 1944
Erwin Clausen+ Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant Staffelkapitän of the 6./Jagdgeschwader 77 19 May 1942 Awarded 106th Oak Leaves 23 July 1942
Karl-Ulrich Clausen Heer 14-HHauptmann Chief of the 2./Artillerie-Regiment 30 16 April 1944
Nicolai Clausen Kriegsmarine 14-MKapitänleutnant Commander of U-129 13 March 1942
Ernst Clemente Heer 04-HObergefreiter PAK (anti tank) gunner in the 16./Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 13 30 September 1944
Dieter-Hans Clemm von Hohenberg Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the II.(K)/Lehrgeschwader 1 18 November 1944* Killed in action 29 June 1944
Rudolf Cleve Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann Chief of the 3./Flak-Regiment 4 (motorized) 4 May 1944
Erich Clößner Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant Commander of the 25. Infanterie-Division 29 September 1940
Hans Clüver Heer 15-HMajor of the Reserves Commander of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 266 22 January 1944
Joachim Coeler Luftwaffe 18-LGeneralmajor Commander of the 9. Flieger-Division 12 July 1940
Erwin Cohrs Heer 15-HMajor Commander of the II./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 67 9 December 1944
Hans Collani Waffen-SS 16-WSS-Obersturmbannführer Commander of the SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 49 "De Ruyter" (niederländische Nr. 2) 19 August 1944* Killed in action 29 July 1944
Robert Colli Heer 17-HOberst Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 547 19 February 1944
Johann Condné Heer 14-HHauptmann Leader of the II./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 6 5 April 1945
Dipl.-Ing. Gerhard Conrad Luftwaffe 17-LOberst Geschwaderkommodore of Kampfgeschwader z.b.V. 2 24 May 1940
Hermann Conrad Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel Shock troop leader in the 7./Infanterie-Regiment 330 9 July 1941
Alexander Conrady+ Heer 16-HOberstleutnant Commander of the I./Infanterie-Regiment 118 (motorized) 17 October 1942 Awarded 279th Oak Leaves 22 August 1943
Paul Conrath+ Luftwaffe 17-LOberst Commander of Flak-Regiment (motorized) "General Göring" 4 September 1941 Awarded 276th Oak Leaves 21 August 1943
Klaus Coracino Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves Chief of Sturmgeschütz-Begleitkompanie 254 in the I./Grenadier-Regiment 431 2 September 1944
Udo Cordes Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant Pilot in the 9.(Eis)/Kampfgeschwader 3 "Lützow" 12 June 1943
[Prof. Dr.] Günter Corßen Heer 14-HHauptmann Department leader of Panzer-Regiment 39 8 February 1943
Helmut Corts Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 2./Flak-Regiment 64 (motorized) 20 June 1940
Hans-Detloff von Cossel+ Heer 13-HOberleutnant Leader of the 1./Panzer-Regiment 35 8 September 1941 Awarded 285th Oak Leaves 29 August 1943
Georg le Coutre Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant Leader of the 10./Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 6 7 February 1945
Hans Cramer Heer 16-HOberstleutnant Commander of Panzer-Regiment 8 im DAK 27 June 1941
A man wearing a field cap and military uniform with various military decorations including an Iron Cross displayed at the front of his uniform collar.
Heinz Cramer Luftwaffe 15-LMajor Gruppenkommandeur of the II.(K)/Lehrgeschwader 1 18 September 1940
Wilhelm-Ernst Freiherr von Cramm Heer 15-HMajor Commander of Divisions-Füsilier-Abteilung 58 11 April 1944
Friedrich Crantz Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves Chief of the 10./Grenadier-Regiment 416 3 March 1943
Friedrich-Carl Cranz Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant Commander of the 18. Infanterie-Division (motorized) 29 June 1940
Eduard Crasemann+ Heer 16-HOberstleutnant Commander of Artillerie-Regiment 33 (motorized) 26 December 1941 Awarded 683rd Oak Leaves 18 December 1944
Peter-Erich Cremer Kriegsmarine 14-MKapitänleutnant Commander of U-333 5 June 1942
Wilhelm Crinius+ Luftwaffe 09-LFeldwebel Pilot in the 3./Jagdgeschwader 53 23 September 1942 Awarded 127th Oak Leaves 23 September 1942
Wilhelm Crisolli Heer 16-HOberstleutnant Commander of Schützen-Regiment 8 15 July 1941
Arved Crüger Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann Staffelkapitän of the 5./Kampfgeschwader 30 14 June 1940
Ludwig Crüwell+ Heer 18-HGeneralmajor Commander of the 11. Panzer-Division 14 May 1941 Awarded 34th Oak Leaves 1 September 1941 Crüwell is seen in profile. He wears a military uniform, along with a cap for desert warfare. His Iron Cross displayed at the front of his shirt collar.
Heinz Crusius Heer 13-HOberleutnant Chief of the 4./Infanterie-Regiment 453 3 May 1942
Kurt Cullmann Heer 10-HOberfähnrich Deputy leader of the 2./Divisions-Füsilier-Bataillon 260 9 June 1944* Killed in action 29 March 1944
Kurt Cuno Heer 17-HOberst Commander of Panzer-Regiment 39 18 January 1942
Leo Cygan Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 1./Pionier-Bataillon 102 5 January 1944
Richard Czekay Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann Staffelkapitän of the 3./Sturzkampfgeschwader 2 "Immelmann" and adjutant of the I./Schlachtgeschwader 2 30 December 1942
Gerhard Czernik Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant Staffelkapitän of the 6./Kampfgeschwader 2 16 May 1941
Wilhelm Czorny Heer 03-HGefreiter Machine gun leader in the 2./Panzergrenadier-Regiment "Großdeutschland" 4 October 1944


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