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Hafsa bint Umar

Hafsa bint Umar

Wife of muhammad
The basics
About
Date of birth Mecca, Makkah Region
Date of death 661 Medina, Al Madinah Region, Saudi Arabia
Family
Brother(s): Abdullah ibn Umar Asim ibn Umar
Father: Umar
Spouse: Khunais ibn Hudhaifa Muhammad
Authority VIAF id Library of congress id
The details
Biography

Ḥafṣah bint ʿUmar (Arabic: حفصة بنت عمر ‎‎; c. 605-665) was a wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and therefore a Mother of the Believers.

Early life

Hafsa was the daughter of Umar ibn al-Khattab and Zaynab bint Madhun. She was born "when Quraysh were building the House [Kaaba], five years before the Prophet was sent," i.e., in 605.

Marriage

She was married to Khunais ibn Hudhaifa but became a widow in August 624.

As soon as Hafsa had completed her waiting period, her father Umar offered her hand to Uthman Ibn 'Affan, and thereafter to Abu Bakr; but they both refused her. When Umar went to Muhammad to complain about this, Muhammad replied, "Allah will marry Uthman to better than your daughter and will marry your daughter to better than Uthman."

Muhammad married Hafsa in Shaaban AH 3 (late January or early February 625). This marriage "gave the Prophet the chance of allying himself with this faithful follower," i.e., Umar, who now became his father-in-law.

Notable Work

According to Islamic tradition, Hafsa had memorized the Qur'an. The copy of Zayd ibn Thabit, which was recorded on the instructions of Abu Bakr, was kept in Hafsa's house. Uthman, when he became Caliph, used Hafsa's copy when he standardized the text of the Qur'an. She is also said to have narrated sixty hadith from Muhammad.

Death

She died in Shaban AH 45, i.e., in October or November 665. She is buried in Jannat-Ul-Baqi next to the other Mothers of the Faithful.

Shia view of Hafsa

Hafsa is viewed very negatively in the Shia community.

The contents of this page are sourced from a Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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