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Gustav Poel

German World War II U-boat commander
The basics
About
Occupation Korvettenkapitän Submariner
Country Germany
Date of birth Hamburg, Germany
Date of death Jan 16, 2009
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, German Cross in Gold, Spanish Cross, U-boat Front Clasp
The details
Biography

Gustav Poel (2 August 1917 – 16 January 2009) was a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. On 20 February 1944 U-413 under the command of Poel sank HMS Warwick.

Summary of career

Ships attacked

As commander of U-413 Gustav Poel is credited with the sinking of four ships for a total of 34,525 gross register tons (GRT) and sinking one warship of 1,100 long tons (1,100 tonnes).

Warwick Castle
Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate
14 November 1942 Warwick Castle United Kingdom 20,107 Sunk
22 January 1943 Mount Mycale Greece 3,556 Sunk
5 February 1943 West Portal United States 5,376 Sunk
21 April 1943 Wanstead United Kingdom 5,486 Sunk
20 February 1944 HMS Warwick Royal Navy 1,100 Sunk

Awards

  • Spanish Cross in Bronze (6 June 1939)
  • Croce di Guerra al Valor Militare (24 October 1941)
  • Iron Cross (1939)
    • 2nd Class (28 February 1940)
    • 1st Class (27 November 1942)
  • U-boat War Badge (1939) (8 November 1939)
  • U-boat Front Clasp
    • in Bronze (9 November 1944)
    • in Silver (27 April 1945)
  • German Cross in Gold on 22 December 1943 as Kapitänleutnant on U-413/1. Unterseebootsflottille
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 21 March 1944 as Kapitänleutnant and commander of U-413
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