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Gertrude of Flanders, Duchess of Lorraine

Duchess of Lorraine
The basics
About
Occupation Politician
Date of birth
Date of death 1117
Family
Mother: Gertrude of Saxony
Father: Robert I Count of Flanders
Spouse: Theodoric II Duke of Lorraine Henry III Count of Louvain
Children: Thierry of Lorraine Count of Flanders Adelaide of Leuven Henri of Lorraine
The details
Biography

Gertrude of Flanders, Duchess of Lorraine (c. 1070–1117), also Countess of Louvain, Landgravine of Brabant until 1095, as the consort of her husbands. At the time the duchy was the upper Lorraine, since 959 separated from the duchy of Lower Lorraine.

Family background

Gertrude was daughter of Robert I, Count of Flanders (c. 1035–1093) and Gertrude of Saxony (c. 1030 – 1113). Robert was son of Baldwin V of Flanders and Adèle, a daughter of King Robert II of France, and Gertrude daughter of the Duke of Saxony. She was sister of Robert II, Count of Flanders (c. 1065 – 1111), "Robert the Crusader".

Marriage and children

Gertrude married firstly Henry III, Count of Leuven (died wounded in a tournament in Tournai in 1095), of the House of Reginar. He was count of Louvain from 1078 to 1095 and landgrave of Brabant from 1085. At Henry's death, his brother Godfrey I succeeded as count and landgrave. From 1106 he also became duke of Lower Lorraine.

They had four children, probably all daughters (born about 1092-1096), assumingly including:

  • Adelaide (d. 1158), wife of duke Simon I of Lorraine (1076 – 1138), son of her stepfather Theodoric with Hedwige (d. c. 1090).
  • Gertrude, wife to Lambert, count of Montaigu and Clermont

Secondly in 1096 she married Theodoric II, Duke of Lorraine "Thierry" (d. 1115), son of Gérard of Alsace, Count of Metz, Duke of Lorraine (-1070), of the House of Lorraine-Alsace. Thierry was a widower with a son Simon, and a daughter Gertrude. They had the following issue:

  • Thierry of Alsace "Theodoric" (c. 1099 – 1168), lord of Bitche, also Count of Flanders from 1128. Married to Sibylla of Anjou, and father to Margaret I, Countess of Flanders and Matthew, Count of Boulogne
  • Henry I (d. 1165), bishop of Toul
  • Ida, married Sigefroy (d. 1104), count of Burghausen
  • Ermengarde, married Bernard III Gros de Brancion (fr)
  • Gisela, married Frederick, count of Saarbrücken

Ancestry

The contents of this page are sourced from a Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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