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Gerard Horenbout

Flemish painter
The basics
Occupation Painter Illuminator
Country Netherlands
AKA Gerard Horenbaut, Gerard Hornebout, Gerard Horebout, Gerard Hornebolt, Gerard Hoorenbault, Gerard Harembourg, Gerard Hurebout
Date of birth Ghent
Date of death 1541 London
Children: Lucas Horenbout Susannah Hornebolt
Notable works Grimani Breviary, , Rothschild Prayerbook, Sforza Hours
Authority Library of congress id VIAF id
The details

Gerard Horenbout (c. 1465–c. 1541) was a Flemish miniaturist, a late example of the Flemish Primitives. He is "likely and widely accepted" to be the Master of James IV of Scotland.


Horenbout lived and worked in Ghent and is best known a manuscript illustrator. He also made stained glass, tapestries, embroidery designs, ironworks and panel painting. First mentioned in 1487, when he joined the painters Guild of Saint Luke. He was married to Margaret Svanders soon after joining the guild. They had six children, two of whom were the artists Lucas Horenbout and Susanna Hornebolt. There were also sons Eloy and Joris. Lucas, Susanna and at least one more his sons was trained by Horenbout to be a painters.

He had at least two apprentices, one in 1498, and one in 1502. In 1515, he was made painter to Archduchess Margaret of Austria, and also briefly worked at the court of Henry VIII in England. He was visited by Albrecht Dürer in 1521, when Dürer bought an illustrated manuscript made by his daughter Susanna Horenbout. His son Lucas Horenbout was also a well-known painter.

His wife, Margaret Svanders, or van Saunders, died in 1529 and he made the brass plaque found at All Saint's Church in Fulham, London.

He died about 1540 or 1541.


  • Miniatures in the Breviary for Eleanor of Portugal, ca. 1500
  • Miniatures in the Hours of James IV of Scotland, between 1502 and 1503
  • 16 miniatures in the Sforza Hours for Archduchess Margaret of Austria, between 1517 and 1520 (now in the British Library)
  • Miniatures in the Grimani Breviary, before 1520
  • Portraits of Lieven Van Pottelsberghe and Livina Van Steelant, c. 1525, in the Museum of Fine Arts, Ghent
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