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George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Ruled as Prince of Calenberg
The basics
AKA Georg von Calenberg
Date of birth Celle
Date of death Apr 02, 1641 Hildesheim
Mother: Dorothea of Denmark Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Brother(s): Augustus the Elder Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg Frederick IV Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg Ernest II Christian Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Children: George William Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg Christian Louis Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg John Frederick Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg Ernest Augustus Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Sister(s): Sophie of Brunswick-Lüneburg Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg Margaret of Brunswick-Lüneburg Sybille of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Spouse: Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt
Father: William the Younger Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Authority Library of congress id ISNI id VIAF id
The details

George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (17 November 1582, Celle – 2 April 1641, Hildesheim) ruled as Prince of Calenberg from 1635.
He was a son of William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1535–1592) and Dorothea of Denmark (1546–1617). His mother was daughter to Christian III of Denmark and Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg. She acted as a regent during the early years of his reign, keeping power from the councillors who had mismanaged the estates during his father's fits of insanity.
In the 1635 redivision of the territories of the House of Welf after the death of Frederick Ulrich of Brunswick-Lüneburg, he received the Principality of Calenberg, which included the former Principality of Göttingen since 1495, while his elder brother Augustus retained the Principality of Lüneburg. George was the first duke to move his residence to Hanover where he laid the foundation for the Leineschloss. After his death, he was succeeded by his son Christian Louis.


George married Anne Eleonore, daughter of Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, in 1617. They had the following known children:

  • Magdalene of Brunswick-Lüneburg (born and died 9 August 1620)
  • Christian Ludwig, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1622–1665), Prince of Calenberg 1641-1648, Prince of Lüneburg from 1648-1665.
  • Georg Wilhelm, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1624–1705), Prince of Calenberg from 1648-1665, Prince of Lüneburg from 1665-1705. He was the father of Sophia Dorothea of Celle, wife of the future King George I of Great Britain.
  • Johann Friedrich, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1625–1679), Prince of Calenberg from 1665-1679.
  • Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1628–1685), married King Frederick III of Denmark.
  • Dorothea Magdalene of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1629-17 November 1660)
  • Ernst Augustus, Elector of Hanover (1629–1698), Prince of Calenberg from 1679-1698, father of King George I of Great Britain.
  • Anna Marie Eleonore of Brunswick-Lüneburg (20 November 1630 - 13 November 1666)


George's ancestors in three generations
George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg Father:
William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Paternal Grandfather:
Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Henry the Middle, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Margarete of Saxony
Paternal Grandmother:
Sophia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Henry V, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Ursula of Brandenburg
Dorothea of Denmark
Maternal Grandfather:
Christian III of Denmark
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick I of Denmark
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Anna of Brandenburg
Maternal Grandmother:
Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel


See List of members of the House of Hanover.

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