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George, King of Saxony

King of Saxony
The basics
Date of birth Dresden, Dresden Directorate District, Saxony, Germany
Date of death Oct 15, 1904 Pillnitz, Dresden, Dresden Directorate District, Saxony
Mother: Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
Sister(s): Princess Anna of Saxony Princess Margaretha of Saxony Princess Sophie of Saxony Princess Elisabeth of Saxony
Father: John of Saxony
Spouse: Infanta Maria Anna of Portugal
Children: Princess Mathilde of Saxony Frederick Augustus III of Saxony Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony Prince Johann Georg of Saxony Prince Maximilian of Saxony Prince Albert of Saxony
Awards Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Order of St. Andrew
Authority VIAF id
The details

George (German: Friedrich August Georg Ludwig Wilhelm Maximilian Karl Maria Nepomuk Baptist Xaver Cyriacus Romanus; 8 August 1832 – 15 October 1904) was a King of Saxony of the House of Wettin.


Early life

George was born in the Saxon capital Dresden. He was the second son of King John of Saxony (1801–1873) and his wife Princess Amelia of Bavaria (1801–1877), daughter of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria (1756–1825).

On 11 May 1859 at Belém Palace, Lisbon, George married the Infanta Maria Anna of Portugal (1843–1884), the eldest surviving daughter of Queen Maria II of Portugal (1819–1853) and her consort, King Ferdinand II (1816–1885). Ferdinand was born as the Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and as such was a Catholic Saxon kinsman of George. Maria Anna died young and George stayed unmarried for the rest of his long life.

Military career

George served under his brother Albert's command during the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 and in the Franco-German War. In the re-organisation of the army which accompanied the march towards Paris, his brother the Crown Prince gained a separate command over the 4th army (Army of the Meuse) consisting of the Saxon XII corps, the Prussian Guard corps, and the IV (Prussian Saxony) corps and George succeeded him in command of the XII corps.

In 1871, Prince George was awarded the Grand Cross of the Württemberg Military Merit.

King of Saxony

Prince George was a Generalfeldmarschall before his ascension. It gradually became clear that George's older brother Albert I (1828–1902) and his wife Queen Carola (1833–1907) would not have any children, thereby making George the heir presumptive to the throne. He succeeded Albert I as King of Saxony on 19 June 1902, albeit for just a brief two-year reign. He died in Pillnitz and was succeeded by his eldest son Frederick Augustus III (1865–1932), who was deposed in 1918.

King George was a controversial figure. He divorced by royal decree his eldest son from his daughter-in-law, Crown Princess Luise. Luise's flight from Dresden was due to her father-in-law's threatening to have her interned in Sonnestein Mental Asylum for life.


Name Birth Death Notes
Marie Johanna Amalie Ferdinande Antonie Luise Juliane 19 June 1860 2 March 1861(1861-03-02) (aged 0) died in childhood, no issue
Elisabeth Albertine Karoline Sidonie Ferdinande Leopoldine Antonie Auguste Clementine 14 February 1862 18 May 1863(1863-05-18) (aged 1) died in childhood, no issue
Mathilde Marie Auguste Viktorie Leopoldine Karoline Luise Franziska Josepha 19 March 1863 27 March 1933(1933-03-27) (aged 70) died unmarried, no issue
Frederick Augustus Johann Ludwig Karl Gustav Gregor Philipp 25 May 1865 18 February 1932(1932-02-18) (aged 66) married Princess Louise of Tuscany (1870–1947), had issue
Maria Josepha Luise Philippine Elisabeth Pia Angelica Margarethe 31 May 1867 28 May 1944(1944-05-28) (aged 76) married to her second cousin Archduke Otto Franz of Austria (1865–1906), had issue
Johann Georg Pius Karl Leopold Maria Januarius Anacletus 10 July 1869 24 November 1938(1938-11-24) (aged 69) married first Duchess Maria Isabella of Württemberg (1871–1904) and second Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1874–1906)
Maximilian Wilhelm August Albert Karl Gregor Odo 17 November 1870 12 January 1951(1951-01-12) (aged 80) died unmarried, no issue
Albert Karl Anton Ludwig Wilhelm Viktor 25 February 1875 16 September 1900(1900-09-16) (aged 25) died unmarried, no issue, the result of injuries sustained in a carriage crash caused by Prince Miguel of Braganza


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