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Frederick I, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg

Founder of the junior line Hesse-Homburg
The basics
Date of birth
Date of death May 09, 1638 Bad Homburg vor der Höhe
Mother: Magdalene of Lippe
Father: George I Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Spouse: Margaret Elisabeth of Leiningen-Westerburg
Brother(s): Louis V Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt Philip III Landgrave of Hesse-Butzbach
Children: William Christoph Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg George Christian Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg Anna Margaret of Hesse-Homburg Frederick II Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
Authority VIAF id
The details

Frederick I of Hesse-Homburg (born: 5 March 1585 at Lichtenberg Castle in Fischbachtal; died: 9 May 1638 in Bad Homburg), was the first Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg and founder of the eponymous family line.


Frederick was the youngest son of Count George I of Hesse-Darmstadt (1547–1596) from his first marriage to Magdalene (1552–1587), daughter of Count VIII Bernhard of Lippe.

Frederick did not have any rights to inherit, because in Hesse-Darmstadt primogeniture had been introduced properly. Nevertheless, Frederick received in 1622 an apanage consisting of the City and district of Homburg, as well as a one-off payment plus an annual sum. He was not considered a sovereign prince, but fell under the sovereignty of Hesse-Darmstadt. In 1626, he introduced primogeniture in Hesse-Homburg.

One of his sons was Frederick II of Hesse-Homburg, better known as The Prince of Homburg.

Marriage and issue

Frederick I married on 10 August 1622 in Butzbach with Margaret Elisabeth (1604–1667), daughter of Count Christopher of Leiningen-Westerburg. They had the following children:

  • Louis Philippe (1623–1643)
  • George (1624–1624)
  • William Christoph (1625–1681), Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
married firstly in 1650 Princess Sophia Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt (1634–1663)
married secondly in 1665 Princess Anna Elisabeth of Saxe-Lauenburg (1624–1688)
  • George Christian (1626–1677)
married in 1666 Anna Catherine of Pogwisch, widow of von Ahlefeldt (1633–1694)
  • Anna Margaret (1629–1686)
married in 1650 Duke Philip Louis of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg (1620–1689)
  • Frederick II (1633–1708), Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, better known as The Prince of Homburg
married firstly in 1661 Countess Margareta Brahe, widow of Oxenstierna (1603–1669)
married secondly in 1670 Princess Louise Elisabeth of Courland (1646–1690)
married thirdly in 1691 Countess Sophia Sibylle of Leiningen-Westerburg, widow of the Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg (1656–1724)

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