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Frederick I, Duke of Anhalt

German duke
The basics
About
AKA Friedrich I.
Date of birth Dessau
Date of death Jan 24, 1904 Ballenstedt
Family
Mother: Princess Frederica Wilhelmina of Prussia
Father: Leopold IV Duke of Anhalt
Spouse: Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg
Children: Princess Elisabeth of Anhalt Leopold Hereditary Prince of Anhalt Friedrich II Duke of Anhalt Eduard Duke of Anhalt Prince Aribert of Anhalt Princess Alexandra of Anhalt
Authority VIAF id
The details
Biography

Frederick I (German: Herzog Friedrich I von Anhalt) (29 April 1831 – 24 January 1904) was a German prince of the house of Ascania who ruled the Duchy of Anhalt from 1871 to 1904.

Early life

Duke Frederick I of Anhalt

Frederick was born in Dessau in 1831 as the third child and only son of Duke Leopold IV of Anhalt-Dessau and his wife Frederica Wilhelmina of Prussia, the daughter of Prince Louis Charles of Prussia.

He studied in Bonn and Geneva, and in 1851 entered the Prussian military at Potsdam.

In 1863 he became heir to the united Duchy of Anhalt, when his father Leopold IV had inherited all the Anhalt territories following the death of the last Duke of Anhalt-Bernburg.

In 1864, he participated in the Second Schleswig War in the staff of his brother-in-law, Prince Frederic Charles of Prussia, and in 1870-71 in the Franco-Prussian War as Lieutenant General. He was present at the proclamation of Wilhelm I as German Emperor in the Hall of Mirrors at the Versailles Palace on 18 January 1871.

Reign

Frederick succeeded his father as Duke of Anhalt on 22 May 1871.

On 23 January 1904 he suffered an apoplectic stroke and died the next day at Ballenstedt castle. As his eldest son Leopold had predeceased him, he was succeeded as Duke by his second son who became Frederick II.

Family

Marriage and issue

He was married on 22 April 1854 at Altenburg to Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg. She was a daughter of Prince Eduard of Saxe-Altenburg and his wife Princess Amalie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. They had six children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt 18 July 1855 2 February 1886 married Princess Elisabeth of Hesse-Kassel; had issue
Frederick II, Duke of Anhalt 19 August 1856 22 April 1918 married Princess Marie of Baden, no issue
Princess Elisabeth of Anhalt 7 September 1857 20 July 1933 married Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; had issue
Eduard, Duke of Anhalt 18 April 1861 13 September 1918 married Princess Luise of Saxe-Altenburg; had issue
Prince Aribert of Anhalt 18 June 1866 24 December 1933 married Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein, no issue
Princess Alexandra of Anhalt 4 April 1868 26 August 1958 married Sizzo, Prince of Schwarzburg; had issue

Ancestry

The contents of this page are sourced from a Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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