CarloDuke of CalabriaPrince Gennaro of Naples and SicilyPrince Giuseppe of Naples and SicilyPrince Alberto of Naples and SicilyLeopoldPrince of Salerno
Princess Maria Antonia of the Two SiciliesPrincess Luisa Carlotta of Naples and SicilyFerdinand II of the Two SiciliesTeresa Cristina of the Two SiciliesPrincess Caroline of Naples and SicilyPrince FrancisCount of TrapaniPrince LeopoldCount of SyracusePrince LouisCount of AquilaPrincess Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Two SiciliesPrincess Maria Carolina of Bourbon-Two SiciliesCharles FerdinandPrince of CapuaMaria Christina of the Two SiciliesPrince AntonioCount of Lecce
Maria Theresa of Naples and SicilyMaria Amalia of Naples and SicilyPrincess Maria Antonia of Naples and SicilyPrincess Luisa of Naples and SicilyMaria Cristina of Naples and SicilyMaria Henrietta of Naples and SicilyMaria Anna of Naples and SicilyPrincess Maria Cristina Amelia of Naples and SicilyMaria Clotilde of Naples and SicilyMaria Isabelle of Naples and Sicily
Archduchess Maria Clementina of AustriaMaria Isabella of Spain
Francis I of the Two Sicilies (Italian: Francesco Gennaro Giuseppe; 19 August 1777 – 8 November 1830) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830.
Francis was born the son of Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and his wife Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria in Naples. He was also the nephew of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI, the last King and Queen of France before the first French Republic.
At the death of his older brother Carlo, Duke of Calabria, Francis became the heir to the throne and Duke of Calabria, the traditional title of the heir apparent to the Neapolitan throne.
In 1796 Francis married his double first cousin Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria, daughter of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor. When she died, he married his first cousin María Isabel, daughter of King Charles IV of Spain.
After the Bourbon family fled from Naples to Sicily in 1806, and Lord William Bentinck, the British resident, had established a constitution and deprived Ferdinand of all power, Francis was appointed regent (1812).
On the fall of Napoleon I, his father returned to Naples and suppressed the Sicilian constitution, incorporating his two kingdoms into that of the Two Sicilies (1816); Francis then assumed the revived title of duke of Calabria. While still heir apparent he professed liberal ideas, and on the outbreak of the revolution of 1820 he accepted the regency, apparently in a friendly spirit towards the new constitution.
On succeeding to the throne in 1825, however, he pursued a conservative course. He took little part in the government, which he left in the hands of favourites and police officials, and lived with his mistresses, surrounded by soldiers, ever in dread of assassination. During his reign the only revolutionary movement was the outbreak on the Cilento (1828), repressed by the Marquis Delcarretto, an ex-Liberal. He was, however, successful in having the Austrian occupation force withdrawn (1827), thereby relieving a large financial burden on the treasury.
During his reign, the Royal Order of Francis I was founded to reward civil merit.
With Maria Clementina of Austria:
Carolina (1798–1870), who married, firstly, Charles Ferdinand, duc de Berry, the second son of King Charles X of France; and secondly, Ettore Count Lucchesi Palli, Prince di Campofranco, Duke della Grazia.
With Isabella of Spain:
Luisa Carlotta (1804–1844), who married her mother's younger brother Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain.
María Cristina (1806–1878), who married firstly her uncle Ferdinand VII of Spain (her mother's older brother); and secondly, Ferdinand Muñoz, Duke of Rianzares.
Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies (1810–1859), who became Francis I's successor and married twice.
Carlo, Prince of Capua (1811–1862), who morganatically wed Penelope Smyth and had issue.
Leopoldo, Count of Syracuse (1813–1860), who married Princess Maria of Savoy-Carignan. No issue.
Maria Antonia (1814–1898) who married Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
Antonio, Count of Lecce (1816–1843).
Maria Amalia (1818–1857), who married Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain.
Maria Carolina (1820–1861), who married Don Carlos de Bourbon, Count of Montemolin, Carlist pretender to the throne of Spain.
Teresa Cristina (1822–1889), who married Emperor Pedro II of Brazil.
Luigi, Count of Aquila (1824–1897), who married Januária, Princess Imperial of Brazil (sister of Pedro II of Brazil and Maria II of Portugal). Had issue.
Francesco, Count of Trapani (1827–1892), who married Archduchess Maria Isabella of Austria, Princess of Tuscany, and had issue.
He also had illegitimate children by mistresses.
Ancestors of Francis I of the Two Sicilies
16. Louis, Dauphin of France
8. Philip V of Spain
17. Duchess Maria Anna of Bavaria
4. Charles III of Spain
18. Odoardo II Farnese
9. Princess Elisabeth Farnese
19. Countess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg
2. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
20. Augustus II of Poland
10. Augustus III of Poland
21. Margravine Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
5. Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony
22. Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
11. Archduchess Maria Josepha of Austria
23. Princess Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1. Francis I of the Two Sicilies
24. Charles V, Duke of Lorraine
12. Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
25. Archduchess Eleanor of Austria
6. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
26. Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
13. Princess Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans
27. Elizabeth Charlotte, Princess of the Palatinate
3. Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria
28. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
14. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
29. Countess Palatine Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg
7. Maria Theresa of Austria
30. Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
15. Princess Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
31. Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen