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Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

The basics
AKA Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, Ernst Louis, Ernst Ludwig
Date of birth Gotha, Gotha, Thuringia, Germany
Date of death Sep 12, 1739 Darmstadt, Darmstadt Government Region, Hesse, Germany
Mother: Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Brother(s): Louis VII Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt Philip of Hesse-Darmstadt George of Hesse-Darmstadt
Children: Louis VIII Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt Prince Charles William of Hesse-Darmstadt Prince Francis Ernest of Hesse-Darmstadt Friederike Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt Dorothea Sophie of Hesse-Darmstadt
Sister(s): Marie Elisabeth of Hesse-Darmstadt Elisabeth Dorothea of Hesse-Darmstadt Auguste Magdalene of Hessen-Darmstadt Sophie Marie of Hesse-Darmstadt Magdalena Sibylla of Hesse-Darmstadt Sophie Luise von Hessen-Darmstadt
Spouse: Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Father: Louis VI Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Authority VIAF id
The details

Ernest Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: Ernst Ludwig) (15 December 1667, Gotha – 12 September 1739, Einhausen) was Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1678 to 1739. His parents were Landgrave Louis VI of Hesse-Darmstadt and Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1640–1709).

Ernest Louis's desire to emulate the French court under Louis XIV ran his country into debt. Among those patronized in this cultural milieu was Baroque composer Christoph Graupner; also bringing into his service architect Louis Remy de la Fosse for his extensive building program. Upon his death in 1739, his country's debt was 4 million gulden, ten times the annual revenue.


Ernest Louis married Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1661–1705), daughter of Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1620–1667) on December 1, 1687. Their children were:

  • Dorothea Sophie (1689–1723)
  • Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1691–1768)
  • Charles William (1693–1707)
  • Francis Ernest (1695–1717)
  • Friederike Charlotte

Ernest Louis married his second wife Luise Sophie von Spiegel zum Desenberg (1690–1751) on January 20, 1727, who was thereafter raised to the rank of countess of Eppstein. He had two daughters with her:

  • Louisa Charlotte (1727–1753), Countess von Eppstein
  • Friederika Sophia (1730–1770), Countess von Eppstein

Ernest Louis had one additional illegitimate child with Charlotte von Forstner (1686–1727):

  • Friedrich Carl Ludwig von Hohenstein zu Fürstenfeld (1711–1715)


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