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Eduard Spranger

Eduard Spranger

German psychologist
The basics
Occupation Psychologist Author Philosopher Educator Educator
Country Germany
Date of birth Groß-Lichterfelde, Potsdam Government Region, Province of Brandenburg, Kingdom of Prussia
Date of death Sep 17, 1963 Tübingen, Tübingen, Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg
Awards Order of Merit for Arts and Science, Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Pour le Mérite
Authority Library of congress id ISNI id Openlibrary id VIAF id
The details

Eduard Spranger (27 June 1882 – 17 September 1963) was a German philosopher and psychologist. A student of Wilhelm Dilthey, Spranger was born in Berlin and died in Tübingen. He was considered a humanist who developed a philosophical pedagogy as an act of 'self defense' against the psychology-oriented experimental theory of the times.


Spranger evaluated personalities in terms of six ideals or value orientations; theoretical, economic, aesthetic, social political and religious "types" of personality traits.

Spranger contributed to the pedagogy of personality theory, in his book Types of Men His value attitudes were:

  • The Theoretical, whose dominant interest is the discovery of truth
  • The Economic, who is interested in what is useful
  • The Aesthetic, whose highest value is form and harmony
  • The Social, whose highest value is love of people
  • The Political, whose interest is primarily in power
  • The Religious, whose highest value is unity

Those six in more detail are:

Theoretical: A passion to discover, systemize and analyze; a search for knowledge.

Utilitarian: A passion to gain a return on all investments involving time, money and resources.

Aesthetic: A passion to experience impressions of the world and achieve form and harmony in life; self-actualization.

Social: A passion to invest myself, my time, and my resources into helping others achieve their potential.

Individualistic: A passion to achieve position and to use that position to affect and influence others.

Traditional: A passion to seek out and pursue the highest meaning in life, in the divine or the ideal, and achieve a system for living. This instrument is sometimes offered along with the DISC assessment.

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