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Duke Paul Wilhelm of Württemberg

Duke Paul Wilhelm of Württemberg

German duke
The basics
About
Occupations Explorer
Countries Germany
A.K.A. Württemb.
Gender male
Birth June 25, 1797 (Silesia)
Death November 25, 1860 (Bad Mergentheim, Main-Tauber, Stuttgart Government Region, Baden-Württemberg)
Family
Mother: Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern (1764-1834)
Father: Duke Eugen of Württemberg (1758–1822)
Siblings: Duke Eugen of WürttembergLuísa de Württemberg
Spouse: Princess Maria Sophia of Thurn and Taxis
Children: someone
Authority ISNI id Library of congress id VIAF id
The details
Biography

Duke Friedrich Paul Wilhelm of Württemberg (German: Friedrich Paul Wilhelm, Herzog von Württemberg; 25 June 1797, Bad Carlsruhe, Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia – 25 November 1860, Mergentheim, Kingdom of Württemberg) was a member of the House of Württemberg and a Duke of Württemberg. Paul Wilhelm was a German naturalist and explorer, who in the early 19th century, undertook several expeditions in North America, North Africa, and Australia. In 1829, he discovered the sources of the Missouri River.

Family

Paul Wilhelm was the fifth and youngest child of Duke Eugen of Württemberg and his wife Princess Luise of Stolberg-Gedern. Through his father, Paul Wilhelm was a grandson of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg and his wife Friederike Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt. He was a nephew of Frederick of Württemberg, the first King of Württemberg.

Expeditions

Between the years 1822 to 1824, Paul Wilhelm's undertook his first major research trip to Cuba and North America. He kept a diary in which he described the places he visited in great scientific and ethnological detail. An artist produced numerous images of the landscapes, plants, and animals.

Paul Wilhelm devoted himself particularly to the study North and South America. He spent time exploring the Western United States and met the son of Sacagawea, Jean Baptiste Charbonneau. After his initial meeting with Jean Baptiste Charbonneau in 1823 at the Kansas River, likely arranged by William Clark, Paul Wilhelm left camp and headed north with Great Plains veteran Toussaint Charbonneau, Jean Baptiste's father and Sacagawea's husband, hired as an interpreter. The Duke’s party spent five months in the upper Missouri country visiting trading forts, Indian tribes, and collecting scientific data. Paul Wilhelm is traditionally included as one of the first explorers of the headwaters of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers.

As late as the 1850s, he visited Baron Ottomar von Behr, a German farmer and sheep breeder, meteorologist, and scientist living in Sisterdale, Texas. When he visited New Braunfels on an 1855 visit, artist Carl G. von Iwonski made him a gift of six pencil sketches of the artist's Texas work.

Marriage and later life

Paul Wilhelm married Princess Maria Sophia of Thurn and Taxis, fifth child and fourth daughter of Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis and his wife Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, on 17 April 1827 in Regensburg. Paul Wilhelm and Maria Sophia Dorothea had one son:

  • Duke Wilhelm Ferdinand ''Maximilian'' Karl of Württemberg (Schloss Taxis 3 September 1828 – Regensburg 28 July 1888), married Princess Hermine of Schaumburg-Lippe, eldest child of Adolf I, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe

He and Maria Sophia Dorothea divorced as early as 2 May 1835. After his marriage ended, Paul Wilhelm resided at Schloss Mergentheim in Mergentheim, where he kept his extensive ethnological collection acquired during his travels. In Bad Carlsruhe, Silesia, he built the palace, Palais "Paulusburg," but it was not completed until the year of his death.

Literary works

  • Paul von Württemberg: Early Sacramento: glimpses of John Augustus Sutter, the Hok farm, and neighboring Indian tribes, Sacramento: Sacramento Book Collectors Club, 1973 OCLC 3187671 ASIN B000GR0CVO
  • Paul von Württemberg: Paul Wilhelm, Duke of Württemberg Travels in North America 1822 -1824, Transl. by W. Robert Nitzke. Ed. by Savoie Lottinville Norman. University of Oklahoma Press, 1973 (reprint). The American Exploration and Travel Ser. Vol. 63. ASIN B0006C3UE0

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 25 June 1797 – 25 November 1860: His Royal Highness Duke Paul Wilhelm of Württemberg

Ancestry

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
http://www.moellhausen.de/bild/div/herzog.htm
http://www.moellhausen.de/bio/personen/herzog.htm
http://www.siue.edu/lovejoylibrary/tas/Abbott_intro.htm
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb14457348z
http://isni.org/isni/0000000082623543
https://deepl.com
https://translate.google.com/
https://translate.google.com/translate?&u=https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul+Wilhelm+von+W%C3%BCrttemberg&sl=de&tl=en&prev=_t&hl=en
https://portal.dnb.de/opac.htm?method=simpleSearch&cqlMode=true&query=idn%3D118981943
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb14457348z
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n83186234
Family Expeditions Marriage and later life Literary works Titles, styles, honours and arms Ancestry
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