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Duchess Maria Anna Josepha of Bavaria

German princess
The basics
Date of birth Nymphenburg Palace
Date of death May 07, 1776 Munich
Spouse: Louis George Margrave of Baden-Baden
Sister(s): Theresa Benedicta of Bavaria Duchess Maria Antonia of Bavaria Maria Josepha of Bavaria
Mother: Maria Amalia of Austria
Brother(s): Maximilian III Joseph Elector of Bavaria Franz Ludwig von Holnstein
Father: Charles VII Holy Roman Emperor
Authority VIAF id
The details

Maria Anna Josepha of Bavaria (Maria Anna Josepha Augusta; 7 August 1734 – 7 May 1776) was a Duchess of Bavaria by birth and Margravine of Baden-Baden by marriage. She was nicknamed the savior of Bavaria. She is also known as Maria Josepha and is sometimes styled as a princess of Bavaria.


Maria Anna Josepha was born at the Nymphenburg Palace in 1734. She was the fifth child of Charles Albert, Elector of Bavaria (later Holy Roman Emperor) and his wife Maria Amalia of Austria. She was baptised with the names Maria Anna Josepha Augusta. A member of the House of Wittelsbach, rulers of the Electorate of Bavaria, she was styled a Duchess of Bavaria.

She married Louis George of Baden-Baden, the ruling Margrave of Baden-Baden and son of the late Louis William of Baden-Baden and his wife Sibylle of Saxe-Lauenburg, the later was the regent of Baden-Baden for the infant Louis George. The couple were married at the Schloss Ettlingen in Baden on 20 July 1755; the bride was aged 20, the groom 53. The couple remained childless however Louis George did have one surviving daughter from his previous marriage, his daughter Elisabeth was however useless to the succession.

Her husband had been married previously to Maria Anna of Schwarzenberg by whom he had four children but only one survived infancy. Maria Anna was the only daughter of Prince Adam Franz Karl of Schwarzenberg and Eleonora of Lobkowicz.

Her husband died in 1761 and was succeeded by his brother Augustus George, Margrave of Baden-Baden. As such, his wife the Belgian born Maria Victoire d'Arenberg became the most important female at the court of Baden-Baden.

Maria Anna developed a great passion for diplomacy. She forged links with Frederick II of Prussia in order to protect the Bavarian throne as her brother, Maximilian III Joseph, was childless and feared for the succession.

As a widow, Maria Anna Josepha returned to her native Bavaria where she died at the Nymphenburg Palace in Munich. She was buried at the Theatine Church, Munich, traditional burial place of Bavarian royalty.


Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 7 August 1734 – 20 July 1755 Her Serene Highness Maria Anna Josepha, Duchess of Bavaria
  • 20 July 1755 – 22 October 1761 Her Serene Highness The Margravine of Baden-Baden
  • 22 October 1761 – 7 May 1776 Her Serene Highness The Dowager Margravine of Baden-Baden
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