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Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg

Archduchess of Austria
The basics
AKA Consort of Emperor Francis I Elisabeth, Duchess of Württemberg, Consort of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor Elisabeth, Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria, Erzherzogin Elisabeth Wilhelmine Österreich, Elisabeth Wilhelmine Luise, Elisabeth von Württemberg, Elisabeth Wilhelmine Louise von Württemberg, Consort of Francis I, Emperor of Austria, Elisabeth, Princess of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia Elisabeth
Date of birth Trzebiatów
Date of death Feb 18, 1790 Vienna
Mother: Margravine Friederike of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Father: Frederick II Eugene Duke of Württemberg
Spouse: Francis I of Austria
Brother(s): Frederick I of Württemberg Duke Louis of Württemberg Duke Eugen of Württemberg Duke Alexander of Württemberg Duke William Frederick Philip of Württemberg
Children: Archduchess Ludovika Elisabeth of Austria
Authority Library of congress id VIAF id
The details

Elisabeth of Württemberg (Elisabeth Wilhelmine Luise; 21 April 1767 – 18 February 1790) was by birth a Duchess of Württemberg and by marriage an Archduchess of Austria.


She was the eighth of the twelve children of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg, by his wife, Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt. She was baptised with the names Elisabeth Wilhelmine Luise.


At the age of 15, she was called by Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II to Vienna and educated in the Salesianerinnenkloster where she also converted to Catholicism. The purpose of this was to make her the future wife of Joseph II's nephew Francis, the future emperor.

In Vienna on 6 January 1788, Elisabeth and Francis were married. At this time, Emperor Joseph was in ill health; the young archduchess was close to the emperor and brightened his last years with her youthful charm. At the end of 1789, Elisabeth became pregnant; however, her condition was very delicate. On the night of 18 February, she prematurely gave birth to Archduchess Ludovika Elisabeth of Austria, who lived for only 16 months. Elisabeth didn't survive the childbirth, which lasted more than 24 hours, and died, despite an emergency operation to save her life.

She is buried in the Imperial Crypt, in Vienna.


  1. Archduchess Ludovika Elisabeth of Austria (18 Feb 1790 - 24 June 1791) died in infancy.


Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 21 April 1767 – 6 January 1788 Her Highness Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg
  • 6 January 1788 – 18 February 1790 Her Royal Highness Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia
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