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Dorothea Susanne of Simmern

Dorothea Susanne of Simmern

Duchess of Saxe-Weimar
The basics
Date of birth Simmern, Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Date of death Apr 08, 1592 Weimar, Thuringia, Germany
Mother: Marie of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
Brother(s): John Casimir of the Palatinate-Simmern Louis VI Elector Palatine
Children: Friedrich Wilhelm I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar Johann II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar Maria, Abbess of Quedlinburg
Sister(s): Kunigunde Jakobäa of Simmern Anna Elisabeth of Palatinate-Simmern Countess Palatine Elisabeth of Simmern-Sponheim
Spouse: Johann Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
Father: Frederick III, Elector Palatine
Authority Library of congress id VIAF id
The details

Dorothea Susanne of Simmern (15 November 1544 in Simmern – 8 April 1592 in Weimar) was a princess of the Electorate of the Palatinate and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.


Dorothea Susanne was the daughter of elector palatine Frederick III (1515–1576) from his marriage to Marie (1519–1567), daughter of Margrave Casimir of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.

The Red Castle in Weimar, built in 1574-1576 as a widow seat for Dorothea Susanne

She married on 15 June 1560 in Heidelberg Duke John William, of Saxe-Weimar (1530–1573). After their marriage, the couple lived mostly in Weimar. After the death of her husband Elector August, of Saxony acted as guardian of her children. This policy was meant to isolate the children from their mother's political and religious influence. She was assigned a new residence outside Weimar, appropriately named New House. The Red Castle in Weimar was built for her from 1574 to 1576. She used it as her widow seat after its completion Its Renaissance portal is decorated with an alliance coat of arms of Dorothea Susanne and her husband.

In 1581, the widowed Duchess turned to write to her brothers, Louis VI and John Casimir to induce the guardian of her eldest son, Elector August in Dresden, to promote the marry her eldest son with a Württemberg princess.

Dorothea Susanne died in 1592 and was buried in the church of St. Peter und Paul in Weimar; her motto was I Know That My Redeemer Lives.


From her marriage, Dorothea Susanne had the following children:

first married in 1583 Princess Sophia of Württemberg (1563-1590)
married secondly in countess palatine Anna Maria of Neuburg
  • Sibylle Marie (b. Weimar, 7 November 1563 - d. Altenburg, 20 February 1569).
  • stillborn son (Weimar, 9 October 1564).
  • John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (b. Weimar, 22 May 1570 - d. Weimar, 18 July 1605).
married in 1593 princess Dorothea Maria of Anhalt (1574-1614)
  • Maria (b. Weimar, 7 October 1571 - d. Quedlinburg, 7 March 1610), Abbess of Quedlinburg (1601–1610).
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