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Dorothea Maria of Anhalt

Duchess consort of Saxe-Weimar
The basics
AKA Sophie Dorothea Maria of Anhalt
Date of birth Dessau
Date of death Jul 18, 1617 Weimar
Mother: Eleonore of Württemberg
Brother(s): Augustus Prince of Anhalt-Plötzkau Rudolph Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst Christian I Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg John George I Prince of Anhalt-Dessau Louis I Prince of Anhalt-Köthen franzingxxx klindix Bernhard von Anhalt
Children: John Ernest I Duke of Saxe-Weimar William Duke of Saxe-Weimar Albert IV Duke of Saxe-Eisenach Ernest I Duke of Saxe-Gotha Bernard of Saxe-Weimar Duke Frederick of Saxe-Weimar John Frederick Duke of Saxe-Weimar
Sister(s): Agnes Hedwig of Anhalt Sibylla of Anhalt Anna Maria of Anhalt Anna Sophie of Anhalt Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst
Spouse: John II Duke of Saxe-Weimar
Father: Joachim Ernest Prince of Anhalt
Authority VIAF id
The details

Dorothea Maria of Anhalt (Dessau, 2 July 1574 – Weimar, 18 July 1617), was by birth a member of the House of Ascania and princess of Anhalt. After her marriage, she became Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.
Dorothea Maria was the sixth daughter of Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt, but second-born daughter by his second wife Eleonore, daughter of Christoph, Duke of Württemberg.


In 1586, the twelve-year-old Dorothea Maria was chosen by her father as Abbess of Gernrode and Frose as the successor to her elder sister Agnes Hedwig.

In 1593 she was relieved of her post as abbess in order to marry John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar. The wedding took place in Altenburg on 7 January of that year. Her successor as abbess was her niece, Sophie Elisabeth, eldest daughter of her half-brother John George I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau.

During the twelve years of her marriage, Dorothea Maria gave birth to twelve children (the last one born posthumously), including Ernst I of Saxe-Gotha and the famous general Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar.

Dorothea Maria died of injuries sustained while riding a horse. Her funeral took place on 24 August 1617 at Schloss Hornstein (later Wilhelmsburg Castle). On this occasion, the Fruitbearing Society was created and her younger brother, Louis of Anhalt-Köthen, was appointed its first leader.

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