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Constance of Hungary

Czech queen
The basics
About
Date of birth Esztergom, Esztergom District, Komárom-Esztergom County, Hungary
Date of death Dec 06, 1240 Předklášteří, Brno-Country District, South Moravian Region, Czech Republic
Family
Mother: Agnes of Antioch
Father: Béla III of Hungary
Spouse: Ottokar I of Bohemia
Brother(s): Andrew II of Hungary Emeric King of Hungary
Children: Anne of Bohemia Duchess of Silesia Wenceslaus I of Bohemia Agnes of Bohemia Judith of Bohemia Vladislaus Margrave of Moravia Přemyslid Margrave of Moravia
Authority VIAF id
The details
Biography

Constance of Hungary (c. 1180 – 6 December 1240) was the second Queen consort of Ottokar I of Bohemia.

Family

Constance was a daughter of Béla III of Hungary and his first wife Agnes of Antioch. Her older siblings included Emeric, King of Hungary, Margaret of Hungary and Andrew II of Hungary.

Marriage and children

Constance of Hungary on a tympanum in the Cistercian abbey Porta Coeli, 1230s

In 1199, Ottokar I divorced his first wife, Adelheid of Meissen, on grounds of consanguinity. He married Constance later in the same year. Together with Ottokar, she had nine children.

Constance is regularly noted as a co-donator with her husband in various documents of his reign. Her petitions to her husband for various donations are also recorded. She is considered to have sold the city Boleráz to her nephew Béla IV of Hungary. In 1247, Béla conferred said city to the nuns of Trnava. An epistle by which Constance supposedly grants freedom to the cities of Břeclav and Olomouc is considered a false document. The same epistle grants lands in Ostrovany to the monastery of St. Stephen of Hradište. Another epistle has Constance settling "honorable Teutonic men" (viros honestos Theutunicos) in the city of Hodonín and is also considered a forgery. In 1230, Ottokar I died and their son Wenceslaus succeeded him. Constance survived her husband by a decade.

In 1231, Pope Gregory IX set Constance and her dowry possessions under the protection of the Holy See. His letter to Constance clarifies said possessions to include the provinces of Břeclav (Brecyzlaviensem), Pribyslavice (Pribizlavensem), Dolni Kunice (Conowizensem), Godens (Godeninensem), Bzenec (Bisenzensem) and Budějovice (Budegewizensem). In 1232, Constance founded Cloister Porta Coeli near Tišnov and retired to it as a nun. She died within the Cloister.

Issue

  • Vratislav of Bohemia (c. 1200 – before 1209).
  • Judith of Bohemia (c. 1202 – 2 June 1230). Married Bernhard von Spanheim, Duke of Carinthia
  • Anna of Bohemia (c. 1204 – 23 June 1265). Married Henry II the Pious, Duke of Wrocław
  • Agnes of Bohemia. Considered to have died young.
  • Wenceslaus I of Bohemia (c. 1205 – 23 September 1253).
  • Vladislaus, Margrave of Moravia (1207 – 10 February 1228).
  • Přemysl, Margrave of Moravia (1209 – 16 October 1239). Married Margaret of Andechs-Merano. His wife was a daughter of Otto I, Duke of Merania and Beatrice II, Countess of Burgundy.
  • Božena (Wilhelmina) of Bohemia (1210 – 24 October 1281).
  • Agnes of Bohemia (20 January 1211 – 6 March 1282). Mother Superior of the Franciscan Poor Clares nuns of Prague. In 1989, Agnes was canonized as a saint by Pope John Paul II.

Ancestors

The contents of this page are sourced from a Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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