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Archduchess Auguste Ferdinande of Austria

Archduchess Auguste Ferdinande of Austria

Princess of bavaria
The basics
Date of birth Florence, Province of Florence, Tuscany, Italy
Date of death Apr 26, 1864 Munich, Upper Bavaria, Bavaria, Germany
Mother: Princess Maria Anna of Saxony (1799–1832)
Brother(s): Ferdinand IV Grand Duke of Tuscany Archduke Karl Salvator of Austria Archduke Johann Salvator of Austria Archduke Ludwig Salvator of Austria
Children: Ludwig III of Bavaria Prince Leopold of Bavaria Princess Theresa of Bavaria Prince Arnulf of Bavaria
Sister(s): Archduchess Maria Isabella of Austria Caroline of Austria
Spouse: Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria
Father: Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Awards Order of Queen Maria Luisa
Authority VIAF id
The details

Archduchess Auguste Ferdinande of Austria (1 April 1825, Florence – 26 April 1864, Munich), was the daughter of Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and his first wife, Maria Anna of Saxony. She married Prince Luitpold of Bavaria, who later became the Prince Regent of Bavaria after her death.


Auguste Ferdinande - Princess Luitpold of Bavaria, 1850s

Auguste was one of three children born to Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, by his first wife, Maria Anna of Saxony. She was an older half-sister to Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, among others. She was a member of the direct lineage of both Louis XIV of France and William the Conqueror.

Early life

After a strict Catholic upbringing, she developed an interest in the arts and sciences early in life. Contemporaries described her as tall, beautiful and self-conscious.

Marriage and children

On 15 April 1844, she married Prince Luitpold in Florence. Luitpold's father Ludwig I of Bavaria initially opposed Luitpold's marriage plans, since Auguste was already showing symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis before the marriage (the disease of which she finally died aged only 39).

They had four children (with whom she always spoke Italian), including Ludwig III of Bavaria, and she was a great support for Luitpold in all his political activities. During the 1848 Revolution, she spoke against Lola Montez and sought to isolate opponents of the monarchy.

Her children with Luitpold were:

On her death, she was buried in the crypt of the Theatinerkirche. Luitpold never remarried, with his sister Adelgunde and daughter Therese taking over care of his household.


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