Antoine d'Orléans (Antoine Marie Philippe Louis d'Orléans; 31 July 1824 – 4 February 1890) was a member of the French royal family in the House of Orléans. He was the youngest son of King Louis Philippe of France and his wife Maria Amelia Teresa of the Two Sicilies. He was styled as the Duke of Montpensier. He was born on 31 July 1824 at the château de Neuilly and died 4 February 1890 at Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain.
Marriage and issue
On 10 October 1846 at Madrid, Spain, he married Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain, the daughter of King Ferdinand VII of Spain and his wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies.
They had ten children:
1. Maria Isabel (1848–1919),who married her first cousin Philippe, comte de Paris (1838–94), the French claimant, and became known as Marie Isabelle, comtesse de Paris. She had several children.
2. Maria Amelia (1851–1870)
3. Maria Cristina (1852–1879)
4. Maria de la Regla (1856–1861)
5. [?] (1857-1857)
6. Fernando (1859–1873)
7. Mercedes (1860–1878), otherwise Princess Marie des Graces d'Orleans-Montpensier, who married her first cousin Alfonso XII and is historically known as Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain. No children.
8. Felipe Raimundo Maria(1862–1864)
9. Antonio (1866–1930), became Duke of Galliera in Italy. He married his first cousin Infanta Eulalia of Spain (1864–1958), daughter of Isabella II, and had two sons.
10. Luis Maria Felipe Antonio(1867–1874)
Candidate for the Spanish throne
Antoine de Montpensier lived in Spain from 1848 when he and his family had to leave France after the Revolution of 1848. During the Spanish revolution of 1868, he supported the insurgents under Juan Prim against Queen Isabella II of Spain, his own sister-in-law.
In 1870 he fought a duel against Infante Enrique, Duke of Seville, the brother of Francis, Duke of Cádiz, and killed him. Antoine was convicted and sentenced to one month in prison.
On 16 November 1870 the Cortes voted for the next king and chose Amadeo of Savoy with 191 votes. Antoine only received 27 votes, and left Spain, only to return in 1874. His ambitions were fulfilled by his daughter Mercedes, who became Queen of Spain after her marriage to Alfonso XII, son of Isabella II.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
13 July 1824 – 21 September 1824: His Serene Highness Prince Antoine d'Orléans
21 September 1824 – 9 August 1830: His Royal Highness Prince Antoine d'Orléans
9 August 1830 – 16 August 1830: His Royal Highness The Prince Antoine
16 August 1830 – 4 February 1890: His Royal Highness The Duke of Montpensier
10 October 1846 – 10 October 1859: His Royal Highness The Duke of Montpensier
10 October 1859 – 4 February 1890: His Royal Highness Infante Don Antonio, Duke of Montpensier
The Duke's complete style in Spain, after his rise to the rank of Infante, was: Su Alteza Real el Serenísmo y Egregio Señor Infante Don Antonio María de Orleans, Duque de Montpensier (in English: His Royal and Serene Highness the Notable Prince Lord Antonio María d'Orléans, Duke of Montpensier).
Knight Grand Cross of the National Order of the Légion d'Honneur
Knight of the Monst Illustrious Order of the Golden Fleece
Knight Collar of the Royal and Distinguished Spanish Order of Charles III
Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter
Heraldry of Antoine, Duke of Montpensier
Coat of arms of Prince Antoine in Spain.
Arms of alliance of Prince Antoine and his wife.
Prince Antoine did not have a personal coat of arms. He used the traditional arms of the House of Orléans, consisting of:
Azure, three fleur-de-lis Or and a label Argent
[In heraldic blazon, Azure is blue, Or is gold, and Argent is silver]
This coat of arms was first used by Philippe d'Orléans, nephew and son in law of King Louis XIV of France. As cadets of the French royal family, they bore the arms of France differenced by a label argent.
Ancestors of Antoine, Duke of Montpensier
16. Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans
8. Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
17. Margravine Auguste Marie Johanna of Baden-Baden
4. Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
18. Louis Armand de Bourbon, Prince of Conti
9. Louise Henriette de Bourbon
19. Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon, Duchess of Étampes
2. Louis-Philippe of France
20. Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, Count of Toulouse
10. Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre
21. Marie Victoire de Noailles
5. Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon
22. Francesco III, Duke of Modena
11. Princess Maria Theresa d'Este of Modena
23. Princess Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans
1. Antoine d'Orléans
24. Philip V of Spain
12. Charles III of Spain
25. Princess Elisabeth Farnese of Parma
6. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
26. Augustus III of Poland
13. Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony
27. Archduchess Maria Josepha of Austria
3. Princess Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies
28. Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
14. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
29. Princess Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans
7. Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria
30. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
15. Maria Theresa of Austria
31. Princess Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel