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Antoine, Duke of Montpensier

The basics
Date of birth Neuilly-sur-Seine
Date of death Feb 04, 1890 Sanlúcar de Barrameda
Mother: Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
Brother(s): Prince Louis Duke of Nemours François d'Orléans Prince of Joinville Prince Ferdinand Philippe Duke of Orléans Charles d'Orléans Duke of Penthièvre Henri d'Orleans Duke of Aumale
Children: Mercedes of Orléans Princess Marie Isabelle of Orléans Infante Antonio Duke of Galliera Infanta Maria Christina de Orléans
Sister(s): Princess Clémentine of Orléans Princess Marie of Orléans Louise of Orléans
Spouse: Infanta Luisa Fernanda Duchess of Montpensier
Father: Louis Philippe I
Authority Library of congress id ISNI id VIAF id
The details

Antoine d'Orléans (Antoine Marie Philippe Louis d'Orléans; 31 July 1824 – 4 February 1890) was a member of the French royal family in the House of Orléans. He was the youngest son of King Louis Philippe of France and his wife Maria Amelia Teresa of the Two Sicilies. He was styled as the Duke of Montpensier. He was born on 31 July 1824 at the château de Neuilly and died 4 February 1890 at Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain.

Marriage and issue

On 10 October 1846 at Madrid, Spain, he married Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain, the daughter of King Ferdinand VII of Spain and his wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies.

They had ten children:

1. Maria Isabel (1848–1919),who married her first cousin Philippe, comte de Paris (1838–94), the French claimant, and became known as Marie Isabelle, comtesse de Paris. She had several children.

2. Maria Amelia (1851–1870)

3. Maria Cristina (1852–1879)

4. Maria de la Regla (1856–1861)

5. [?] (1857-1857)

6. Fernando (1859–1873)

7. Mercedes (1860–1878), otherwise Princess Marie des Graces d'Orleans-Montpensier, who married her first cousin Alfonso XII and is historically known as Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain. No children.

8. Felipe Raimundo Maria(1862–1864)

9. Antonio (1866–1930), became Duke of Galliera in Italy. He married his first cousin Infanta Eulalia of Spain (1864–1958), daughter of Isabella II, and had two sons.

10. Luis Maria Felipe Antonio(1867–1874)

Candidate for the Spanish throne

Antoine de Montpensier lived in Spain from 1848 when he and his family had to leave France after the Revolution of 1848. During the Spanish revolution of 1868, he supported the insurgents under Juan Prim against Queen Isabella II of Spain, his own sister-in-law.

In 1870 he fought a duel against Infante Enrique, Duke of Seville, the brother of Francis, Duke of Cádiz, and killed him. Antoine was convicted and sentenced to one month in prison.

On 16 November 1870 the Cortes voted for the next king and chose Amadeo of Savoy with 191 votes. Antoine only received 27 votes, and left Spain, only to return in 1874. His ambitions were fulfilled by his daughter Mercedes, who became Queen of Spain after her marriage to Alfonso XII, son of Isabella II.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

France/ France

  • 13 July 1824 – 21 September 1824: His Serene Highness Prince Antoine d'Orléans
  • 21 September 1824 – 9 August 1830: His Royal Highness Prince Antoine d'Orléans
  • 9 August 1830 – 16 August 1830: His Royal Highness The Prince Antoine
  • 16 August 1830 – 4 February 1890: His Royal Highness The Duke of Montpensier


  • 10 October 1846 – 10 October 1859: His Royal Highness The Duke of Montpensier
  • 10 October 1859 – 4 February 1890: His Royal Highness Infante Don Antonio, Duke of Montpensier

The Duke's complete style in Spain, after his rise to the rank of Infante, was: Su Alteza Real el Serenísmo y Egregio Señor Infante Don Antonio María de Orleans, Duque de Montpensier (in English: His Royal and Serene Highness the Notable Prince Lord Antonio María d'Orléans, Duke of Montpensier).


  • France Knight Grand Cross of the National Order of the Légion d'Honneur
  • Spain Knight of the Monst Illustrious Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Spain Knight Collar of the Royal and Distinguished Spanish Order of Charles III
  • England Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter



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