|Birth||March 21, 1704 (Frankfurt)|
|Death||March 17, 1773 (Regensburg)|
Alexander Ferdinand, Prince of Thurn and Taxis, full German name: Alexander Ferdinand Fürst von Thurn und Taxis (21 March 1704, Frankfurt am Main, Free Imperial City of Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire – 17 March 1773, Regensburg, Free Imperial City of Regensburg, Holy Roman Empire) was the third Prince of Thurn and Taxis, Postmaster General of the Imperial Reichspost, and Head of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis from 8 November 1739 until his death on 17 March 1773. Karl Anselm served as Principal Commissioner (German: Prinzipalkommissar) at the Perpetual Imperial Diet in Frankfurt am Main and Regensburg for Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor from 1 February 1743 to 1745 and again from 1748 until 1773.
Alexander Ferdinand was the eldest child and only son of Anselm Franz, 2nd Prince of Thurn and Taxis and his wife Maria Ludovika Anna Franziska, Princess of Lobkowicz.
From 1 February 1743 to 1745, Alexander Ferdinand served as Principal Commissioner for Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor at the Perpetual Imperial Diet in Frankfurt am Main. When the Diet relocated to Regensburg under Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, Alexander Ferdinand was reinstated as Principal Commissioner in 1748. It was for this reason that Alexander Ferdinand moved the principal residence of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis from Frankfurt am Main to Regensburg. On 30 May 1754, Alexander Ferdinand was added to the College of Imperial Princes.
Marriages and family
A proposed bride was Johanna of Baden-Baden (1704–1726), only surviving daughter of the late Margrave of Baden-Baden and his wife (Regent of Baden-Baden from 1707) Sibylle of Saxe-Lauenburg but the match never materialised.
Alexander Ferdinand married Margravine Sophie Christine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, eldest daughter of George Frederick Charles, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth and his wife Princess Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, on 11 April 1731 in Frankfurt am Main. Alexander Ferdinand and Sophie Christine had five children:
- Princess Sophie Christine of Thurn and Taxis (baptized 8 December 1731 † 23 December 1731)
- Karl Anselm, 4th Prince of Thurn and Taxis (born 2 June 1733 † 13 November 1805)
- ∞ 3 September 1753 Duchess Auguste of Württemberg (30 October 1734-4 June 1787)
- ∞ 1787 Elisabeth Hildebrand, Frau von Train
- Princess Luise Auguste Charlotte of Thurn and Taxis (born 27 October 1734 † January 1735)
- Prince Friedrich August of Thurn and Taxis (baptized 5 December 1736 † 12 September 1755)
- Prince Ludwig Franz Karl Lamoral Joseph of Thurn and Taxis (born 13 October 1737 † 7 August 1738)
Alexander Ferdinand married secondly to Louise de Lorraine, third eldest daughter of Louis II of Lorraine-Brionne, Prince of Lambesc and his wife Jeanne Henriette de Durfort, on 22 March 1745 in Paris.
Alexander Ferdinand married thirdly to Princess Maria Henriette Josepha of Fürstenberg-Stühlingen, daughter of Joseph William Ernest, Prince of Fürstenberg-Fürstenberg and his wife Countess Theresia Anna Maria Eleanore of Waldstein, on 21 September 1750 in Regensburg. Alexander Ferdinand and Maria Henriette Josepha had seven children:
- Princess Maria Theresia of Thurn and Taxis (born 16 January 1755 † 20 December 1810)
- ∞ 20 August 1780 Ferdinand, Count of Ahlefeldt-Langeland
- Princess Josephine of Thurn and Taxis (born 1 August 1759 † young age)
- Prince Heinrich Alexander of Thurn and Taxis (baptized 14 September 1762 † young age)
- Prince Franz Joseph of Thurn and Taxis (born 2 October 1764; buried 20 February 1765)
- Princess Maria Anna Josepha of Thurn and Taxis (baptized 28 Sep 1766 † 10 August 1805)
- Princess Marie Elisabetha Alexandrina of Thurn and Taxis (born 30 November 1767 † 21 July 1822)
- ∞ 4 November 1790 Karl Joseph, Landgrave of Fürstenberg (26 June 1760-25 March 1799)
- ∞ Joseph, Baron of Lasaberg (died 15 March 1855)
- Prince Maximilian Joseph of Thurn and Taxis (born 9 May 1769 † 15 May 1831)
- ∞ 6 June 1791 Princess Eleonore of Lobkowicz (22 April 1770-9 November 1834)
- from this marriage the Czech branch of the House of Thurn and Taxis descends
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 21 March 1704 – 8 November 1739: His Serene Highness The Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis
- 8 November 1739 – 17 March 1773: His Serene Highness The Prince of Thurn and Taxis
- Grand Master of the Order of Parfaite Amitié
- Knight of the Austrian Order of the Golden Fleece
|Ancestors of Alexander Ferdinand, 3rd Prince of Thurn and Taxis|