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Agnes of Hesse-Kassel

Princess consort of Anhalt-Dessau
The basics
Date of birth Kassel
Date of death May 28, 1650 Dessau-Roßlau
Mother: Countess Juliane of Nassau-Dillenburg
Brother(s): Frederick Landgrave of Hesse-Eschwege Herman IV Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg William V Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel Ernest Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels Otto Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel franzingxxx klindix
Children: John George II Prince of Anhalt-Dessau Louise of Anhalt-Dessau
Sister(s): Elizabeth of Hesse-Kassel Duchess of Mecklenburg Magdalene von Hessen-Kassel Landgravine Sophie of Hesse-Kassel
Spouse: John Casimir Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
Father: Maurice Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
The details

Agnes of Hesse-Kassel (14 May 1606 in Kassel – 28 May 1650 in Dessau) was a princess of Hesse-Kassel by birth and by marriage Duchess of Anhalt-Dessau.


Agnes was a daughter of Landgrave Maurice of Hesse-Kassel (1572-1632) from his second marriage to Juliane (1587-1643), the daughter of Count John of Nassau-Dillenburg. She was raised together with her siblings. She spoke six languages and composed music.

On 18 May 1623 she married Prince John Casimir of Anhalt-Dessau (1596-1660). During the Thirty Years' War, she managed to sothen the plight of Anhalt-Dessau by negotiating with the generals, both orally and in writing. She was considered a keen economist and mathematician. In 1645, she built a fortified house in Nischwitz, which was later developed into Oranienbaum Castle.


From her marriage Agnes had the following children:

  • Maurice (1624-1624)
  • Dorothea (1625-1626)
  • Juliane (1626-1652)
  • John George II (1627-1693), who was Prince of Anhalt-Dessau from 1660 to 1693
married in 1659 to Princess Henriette Catherine of Nassau (1637-1708)
  • Louise (1631-1680)
married in 1648 to Duke Christian of Brzeg (1618-1672)
  • Agnes (1644-1644)

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