|A.K.A.||Adolf Friedrich V.|
|Birth||July 22, 1848 (Neustrelitz, Mecklenburgische Seenplatte District, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany)|
|Death||June 11, 1914 (Berlin, Germany)|
Adolphus Frederick V (22 July 1848 – 11 June 1914) was reigning grand duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz from 1904 to 1914.
Adolphus Frederick Augustus Victor Ernest Adalbert Gustavus William Wellington of Mecklenburg was born in Neustrelitz, the only surviving child of Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg, and Princess Augusta of Cambridge. Following the death of his grandfather Grand Duke George on 6 September 1860, Adolphus Frederick became the heir apparent to the grand duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz with the title of Hereditary Grand Duke. Adolphus Frederick took part in the Franco-Prussian war and represented his father at the crowning of King William I of Prussia as German Emperor at Versailles. He succeeded his father as grand duke on 30 May 1904.
His mother, Grand Duchess Augusta, was disgusted at her son's military ways. She wrote to her niece, Mary of Teck, "Strelitz that was never a Military State, suddenly is all drums and fifes, ... such a pity, a bad imitation of Schwerin & small German Courts, whilst we were a Gentlemanlike Civilian court!"
In 1907 Adolphus Frederick announced that he would grant Mecklenburg-Strelitz a constitution, but this was met with opposition from nobles. In his attempt to create a constitution he offered to pay $2,500,000 to the national treasury if the nobles and land-owning classes dropped their opposition. In 1912 he repeated attempts to create a constitution for Mecklenburg-Strelitz, which along with Mecklenburg-Schwerin were the only European states without one.
In January 1914, Adolphus Frederick was reported to be the second richest person in Germany after the Emperor William II with a fortune of $88,750,000.
Adolphus Frederick died in Berlin and was succeeded by his eldest son Adolphus Frederick VI.
Marriage and children
Adolphus Frederick was married on 17 April 1877 in Dessau to Princess Elisabeth of Anhalt. His mother commented on his wife, "She welters in happiness at her luxurious "Schloss" wearing a new Paris dress daily, Diamonds, also, when we are quite entre nous - Yes, she does enjoying being a Grand Duchess! poor dear, I am glad she does, for I never did."
Adolphus Frederick and Elisabeth had four children.
- Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg (1878–1948) married 22 June 1899 and divorced 31 December 1908 Count George Jametel (1859–1944), married 11 August 1914 Prince Julius Ernst of Lippe (1873–1952)
- Duchess Jutta of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1880–1946) married Danilo, Crown Prince of Montenegro
- Adolphus Frederick VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1882–1918)
- Duke Karl Borwin of Mecklenburg (Karl Borwin Christian Alexander Arthur, Herzog von Mecklenburg-Strelitz; 10 October 1888 – 24 August 1908); killed in a duel with his brother-in-law Count George Jametel, defending his sister's honor.
Titles and styles
- 22 July 1848 – 6 September 1860: His Highness Duke Adolphus Frederick of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
- 6 September 1860 – 30 May 1904: His Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
- 30 May 1904 – 11 June 1914: His Royal Highness The Grand Duke of Mecklenburg
- Louda, Jiri; Michael Maclagan (1981). Lines of Succession. London: Orbis Publishing. ISBN 0-85613-276-4.
- Finestone, Jeffrey; Robert Massie (introduction) (1981). The Last Courts of Europe. London: J M Dent & Sons Ltd. ISBN 0-460-04519-9.
- Pope-Hennessey, James (2000). Queen Mary. London: Phoenix Press. ISBN I 84212 032 8.
Adolphus Frederick V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Cadet branch of the House of MecklenburgBorn: 22 July 1848 Died: 11 June 1914
| Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Adolphus Frederick VI